Week 5 Ant. Lat. Leg Foot - Ach Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 5 Ant. Lat. Leg Foot - Ach Deck (16):
1

Where do inversion and eversion take place on the foot?

Subtalar joint
Transverse tarsal joint

2

What nerve supplies the anterior compartment?

Deep fibular nerve

3

What nerve supplies the lateral compartment?

Superficial fibular nerve

4

What 3 muscles make up the pes anserinus?

Sartorius
Gracilis
Semitendinousus

5

What are shin splints?

mild compartment syndrome in the anterior compartment (tibialis anterior strain)

6

What is a compartment syndrome?

injury causes muscle swelling in a closed compartment.
-Pressure causes loss of muscle and nerve function
-Fasciotomy can be done to relieve the pressure in the compartment that would eventually cut off blood supply and kill the muscles.

7

What muscles make up the anterior compartment?

-Tibialis anterior
-Extensor hallucis longus
-Exntesor digitorum longus
-Fibularis tertius

8

Injury to what nerve would produce a foot drop while walking?

Injury to the common fibular nerve

9

What is the function of the anterior cruciate ligament?

resists femur from sliding posteriorly on tibia and prevents hyperextension

10

What is the function of the posterior cruciate ligament?

resists femur from sliding anteriorly on tibia and prevents hyperflexion

11

What is torn in the unhappy triad?

-anterior cruciate ligament
-Tibial collateral ligament
-Medial meniscus

12

What is the most commonly injured joint in the body?

Ankle sprain
TALOCRURAL JOINT!

13

What ligament is injured during inversion ankle sprains?

Anterior Talofibular Ligament is the most frequently sprained

14

What is housemaid's knee?

subcutaneous prepatellar bursitis (between skin and patella)

15

What is clergyman's knee?

subcutaneous infrapatellar bursitis (between skin and tibial tuberosity)

16

What is ski boot syndrome?

-Deep fibular nerve entrapment (often caused by a tight ski boot)
-pain in dorsum of foot
-radiate to web space between 1st and 2nd toes