Flashcards in Week 5 Ant. Lat. Leg Foot - Ach Deck (16):
Where do inversion and eversion take place on the foot?
Transverse tarsal joint
What nerve supplies the anterior compartment?
Deep fibular nerve
What nerve supplies the lateral compartment?
Superficial fibular nerve
What 3 muscles make up the pes anserinus?
What are shin splints?
mild compartment syndrome in the anterior compartment (tibialis anterior strain)
What is a compartment syndrome?
injury causes muscle swelling in a closed compartment.
-Pressure causes loss of muscle and nerve function
-Fasciotomy can be done to relieve the pressure in the compartment that would eventually cut off blood supply and kill the muscles.
What muscles make up the anterior compartment?
-Extensor hallucis longus
-Exntesor digitorum longus
Injury to what nerve would produce a foot drop while walking?
Injury to the common fibular nerve
What is the function of the anterior cruciate ligament?
resists femur from sliding posteriorly on tibia and prevents hyperextension
What is the function of the posterior cruciate ligament?
resists femur from sliding anteriorly on tibia and prevents hyperflexion
What is torn in the unhappy triad?
-anterior cruciate ligament
-Tibial collateral ligament
What is the most commonly injured joint in the body?
What ligament is injured during inversion ankle sprains?
Anterior Talofibular Ligament is the most frequently sprained
What is housemaid's knee?
subcutaneous prepatellar bursitis (between skin and patella)
What is clergyman's knee?
subcutaneous infrapatellar bursitis (between skin and tibial tuberosity)