Week 3- Diagnostic Skills Westra Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 3- Diagnostic Skills Westra Deck (18):
1

Rotor cuff muscle

SITS
supraspinatus
infraspinatus
teres minor
subscapularis

2

Hawkin's impingement

rotator cuff disorder
90 degrees at elbow, choo, choo to a football block

3

Drop-arm

large rotator cuff tear, arms drop uncontrollably

4

Empty-can

supraspinatus, empty soup cans, and they resist you up

5

Lift-off

subscapularis,
hand behind back, and push against

6

External rotaton

infraspinatus

7

cross-body adduction

acrimioclavicular joint osteoarthritis or chronic sprain

8

Apprehsion/ Relocation

glenohumeral instability,
relocation
extend upper extremity

9

Anterior elbow pain

biceps tendinopathy
repeated elbow flexion, forearm supination or pronation.

10

the hook test

examiner hooks biceps tendon, confirm an intact tendon and may assist in localizing pain

11

Medial elbow pain

medial epicondylitis
less common
golfers elbow
usually ulnar collateral ligament injury

12

moving valgus stress test

diagnosing ulnar collateral ligament injuries
Positive- pain between 70-120 degrees of flexion

13

cubital tunnel syndrome

compressive or traction neuropathy of ulnar nerve at the elbow

14

positive Tinel sign

gentle tapping over superficial nerve (like the ulnar), tingling and numbness is positive

15

lateral elbow pain

lateral epicondylitis
tennis elbow
pain, decreased strength with resisted gripping, and with wrist supination and extension are often present.
Extension of the middle finger test against resistance, feel pain at the lateral epicondyle

16

Most common wrist fracture?

scaphoid fracture
fall on outstretched hand
snuff box tenderness

17

ulnar neruopathy

wrist pain and numbness and tingling
no trauma
painful wrist extension
sensory changes in the 4th and 5th digist
Positive TInel sign on percussion of the ulnar nerve over the guyon canal

18

de quervain tenosynovitis

inflammation of extensor pollicis brevis, abductor pollicis longue

limited thumb motion (extension and abduction)