Week 5 Leg Diagnostics- Westra Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Week 5 Leg Diagnostics- Westra Deck (10)
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1

Lachman Test

Assessing integrity of anterior cruciate ligament.
-examiner stabilized the distal femur with one hand, and attempts to sublux the tibia anteriorly
-Lack of clear end point is a postive test

2

Anterior Drawer Test

Assessing integrity of anterior cruciate ligament
-examiner fixes patients foot, thumbs at tibial tubercle and fingers at calf
-pulls anteriorly and assess anterior displacement of the tibia

3

Posterior Drawer Test

Assessing integrity of posterior cruciate ligament
-fix foot
-thumbs on tibia, fingers on calf
-push posteriorly and assess posterior displacement on the tibia

4

Valgus stress test

-Medial collateral ligament
-Hand on lateral side of knee, and medial side of tibia
-move so knee goes inward (valgus stress)

5

Varus Stress Test

-Lateral collateral ligament
-hand on medial side of knee and lateral side of tibia
-move so knee is going more outward (varus stress)

6

Crossed-leg test

to detect high ankle sprain

7

Anterior drawer test of ankle

-assess integrity of the anterior talofibular ligament
-if torn, talus will subluxate anteriorly compared with the unaffected ankle

8

Inversion stress test or talar tilt test

-assess the integrity of the calcaneofibular ligament

9

McMurry

Meniscus

10

Ottawa Knee Rules

-isolated patellar tenderness
-tenderness at head of fibula
-inability to bear weight
-inability to flex knee to 90
- greater than 55 age