1970s, 1980s, 1990s Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1970s, 1980s, 1990s Deck (35):
1

Who became the 37th president of the U.S. when he won the 1968 election? This president will later resign.

Pres. Richard M. Nixon (1969-1974)

2

In 1969, this was Nixon's plan to reduce the size and influence of the federal government. Return power to the states.

New Federailsm (1969)

3

In 1969, this was the plan for the gradual withdrawal of U.S. troops from Vietnam and give the South Vietnamese the money, the weapons, and the training to continue to fight the war.

Vietnamization (1969)

4

In 1969, President Nixon authroized secret bombing of these two countries neighboring Vietnam. These bombing were technically illegal because they were neutral.

Laos and Cambodia

5

In 1969, this was Nixon's foreign poilcy plan to reduce the number of troops abroad by helping nations economically and militarily. Allies take care of their own military defense.

Nixon Doctrine (1969)

6

In 1970, four students were killed by National Guard troops during a protest movement against the U.S. bombings of Cambodia.

Kent State (Ohio) (1970)

7

In 1970, two black students were killed while protesting on this college campus.

Jackson State (Mississippi) (1970)

8

In 1971, these leaked government papers showed the mistakes and deceptions of government policy-makers in dealing with Vietnam since 1964. The government had lied to the American people.

Pentagon Papers (1971)

9

In 1971, this was an attempt by the federal government to desegregate schools.

Bus kids into black/white schools

10

In 1972, this term is used to describe the relaxation of tensions between the U.S. and the Soviet Union, which was introduced by Sec. of State Henry Kissinger and Pres. Nixon.

Detente

11

What are some examples of Detente in the 1970s?

1.SALT I Treaty
2.Expanded trade with the Soviet Union
3.Nixon's trips to China & Russia

12

In 1972, the U.S. and Soviet Union both agreed to freeze the number of ballistic missiles carrying nuclear warheads in this treaty.

SALT I (Strategic Arms Limitations Talks) (1972)

13

In 1972, Richard Nixon was the first president to visit this Communist country, which eased tensions.

Nixon visits Red China (1972)

14

In 1972, this scandal involved President Nixon when he authorized the burglarizing and wiretapping of the national headquarters of the Democratic Party at the Watergate Hotel.

Watergate Scandal (1972)

15

In 1973, this Native American movement mounted legal battles to get land back that had been illegally taken from them.

American Indian Movement (AIM)

16

In 1973, this agreement led to a cease fire in Vietnam. American troops were withdrawn and Vietnam became temporary divided again.

The Paris Accords (1973)

17

In 1973, this act restrained the presiden'ts ability to commit troops overseas and make war.

War Powers Act (1973)

18

In 1974, President Nixon resigns. Who became the 38th president of the U.S.? This president would also pardon Nixon.

Pres. Gerald R. Ford (1974-1977)

19

In 1975, Cesar E. Chavez founded this union to improve working conditions for farm workers.

United Farm Workers (UFW)

20

Cesar E. Chavez led which successful boycott in California, which earned farm workers collective bargaining rights.

Grape boycott

21

In 1975, the Vietnam War finally ends. What happened?

South Vietnam fell to Communism. (Fall of Saigon)

22

Who became the 39th president of the U.S. in the election of 1976 when he defeated President Gerald Ford?

Pres. James E. Carter (1977-1981)

23

In 1979, President Jimmy Carter negotiated peace between Israel and Egypt. What was this later called?

Camp David Accords (1979)

24

In 1979, the Shan of Iran is expelled and Americans are taken hostage. This became a major embarrassment for which president?

President Jimmy Carter

25

In 1979, this environmental disaster occurred when a nuclear power plant began to leak radiation. Where did this happen?

Three Mile Island

26

Who became the 40th president of the U.S when he defeated President Jimmy Carter? He is credited for the rise of conservatism throughout the 1980s.

Pres. Ronald Reagan (1981-1989)

27

During the 1980s, President Reagan promoted supply-side economics, which emphasizes deregulating business, reducing corporate tax rates, and lowering federal tax rates for upper and middle income Americans. What was the nickname given to this economic philosophy?

Reaganomics or "Trickle-down" economics

28

What is the theory behind Reaganomics or "trickle-down" economics?

Tax cuts would increase investment and lead to increased production, jobs, and prosperity. When the wealthy prosper, wealth will trickle down to everyone else.

29

In 1989, this Soviet leader declared that he would no longer support the Communist governments of Eastern Europe. Communists fell from power in Poland, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Bulgaria, and Romania.

Mikhail Gorbachev

30

In 1989, this infamous wall was finally torn down.

Berlin Wall is torn down in 1989

31

In 1991, the two Germany's were finally reunited, the Baltic nations of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania are independent, and the Soviet Union falls apart. What finally ended in 1991?

Cold War

32

This woman became the first female vice-presidential candidate in 1984?

Geraldine Ferraro

33

Between the years of 1990-1991 the United States fought in the Persian Gulf War. Why?

To remove Iraq (Saddam Hussein) from Kuwait. Known as Operation Desert Storm.

34

In 1994, NAFTA was signed by President Bill Clinton. What is NAFTA?

North American Free Trade Agreement. This allowed for free trade between the U.S., Canada, and Mexico.

35

Since the 1950s to the 1970s, Americans have been migrating from the Rust Belt (North) to the Sun Belt. What area in the United States is the Sun Belt.

California, Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, the whole South and Florida.