Colonial America, 1630-1754 Flashcards Preview

APUSH Review > Colonial America, 1630-1754 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Colonial America, 1630-1754 Deck (40):
1

In 1676, this backcountry farmer led thousands of former indentured servants to rebel against Governor Sir William Berkeley for failing to protect them from Indian attacks. This rebellion resulted in the increase use of African slaves.

Nathaniel Bacon (Bacon's Rebellion)

2

In 1692, social unrest in Salem, Massachusetts led to a hysterical witchcraft purge that led to the deaths of 19 accused citizens. This marked the end of Puritanism.

Salem Witch Trials

3

These are differences in the Virginia Colony as compared to the Massachusetts Bay Colonies.

Slave Labor
Settled by Single Men
Land Ownership = Political Participation

4

These are differences in the Massachusetts Bay Colonies as compared to the Virginia Colony.

Slave Labor never Existed
Settled by Families
Religion = Political Participation

5

Virginia and Maryland were located near this bay.

Chesapeake Bay

6

In 1632, this colony was founded by Lord Baltimore (George Calvert) to establish a Catholic haven in the Americas.

Maryland

7

Cavaliers are English . . .

Catholics

8

This Catholic king of England was decapitated after the English civil war.

Charles I

9

In 1649, this act was passed to keep peace between Protestants and Catholics and granted religious freedom in Maryland. Protestants later revolted and repealed it.

Maryland Act of Toleration

10

Massachusetts, New Hampshire, Rhode Island, and Connecticut make up which colonies?

New England Colonies

11

Plymouth Colony and Massachusetts Bay Colony joined together in 1691 to form this colony.

Massachusetts

12

In 1636, Rhode Island was founded by this minister who was banished from Mass Bay Colony for rebelling against the Puritans because he preached complete religious toleration for everyone.

Roger Williams

13

This woman challenged Puritan authorities by fighting for more woman involvement in the church. She would later be banished.

Anne Hutchinson

14

These were the supporters of Anne Hutchinson and believed that faith alone is needed for salvation.

Antinomians

15

In 1636, this person was banished from Massachusetts Bay and founded Hartford (Connecticut).

Thomas Hooker

16

In 1639, this was the first written constitution in the colonies, which enumerated the government's powers and men voted for the governor.

Fundamental Order in Connecticut

17

In 1637, this person founded New Haven, which would later join with Hartford to form the colony of Connecticut.

John Davenport

18

In 1636, this was the first college in America. It was used to train ministers.

Harvard

19

In 1643, this was a short-lived military alliance of the English colonies of Mass. Plymouth, Conn, and New Haven for the purpose to fight against the Indians, Dutch and French.

New England Confederation

20

This early colonial alliance became a model for the colonies in uniting for a common purpose.

New England Confederation

21

In 1675, this Native American leader destroyed dozens of towns in Massachusetts and killed hundreds of settlers. Colonial forces killed this leader and ended Native American resistance in New England.

King Philip's (Metacom) War

22

Virginia, Maryland, North & South Carolina, and Georgia make up which colonies?

Southern Colonies

23

Between the years of 1642-1651, this war erupted in England between Puritans and Catholics and led to the decapitation of Charles I. Oliver Cromwell then ruled as a dictator.

English Civil War

24

In 1660, Oliver Cromwell died as ruler of England and this son of Charles I was restored as king.

Charles II

25

In 1670, these colonies became known as the Restoration Colonies.

North and South Carolina (Carolinas)

26

The Carolinas were similar to Virginia in that they required slave labor, but what was their main cash crop?

Rice

27

In 1739, South Carolina experienced a slave uprising in which 100 slaves took up arms and killed several plantation owners. Slaves were treated more harshly after this failed rebellion.

Stono Rebellion

28

In 1733, this was the last of the 13 colonies. It was founded by James Oglethorpe to be a defensive buffer state between Spain. Debtors were also sent to this colony.

Georgia

29

New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania, and Delaware make up which colonies?

Middle Colonies

30

In 1664, the British kicked this country out of New Netherlands (New York) and New Amsterdam (New York City).

Dutch

31

In 1681, Pennsylvania would founded by this Quaker who invited others to live freely and granted freedom of religion.

William Penn

32

This Society of Friends were pacifists, refused to bear arms, believed in equality of all men and women, freedom of worship, allowed women to participate in the church, and were the first Americans to oppose slavery.

Quakers

33

This was an "experiment" in Pennsylvania to allow for religious freedom for Quakers and other persecuted people and to enact liberal ideas of government.

"Holy Experiment"

34

In 1682, this guaranteed a representative assembly in Pennsylvania.

Frame of Government

35

In 1701, this written constitution of Pennsylvania protected many rights and liberties and included an amendment process, which allowed it to be changed.

Charter of Liberties

36

In 1735, this famous court case allowed for freedom of the press. Truth is not libel (lying).

Zenger Case (Peter Zenger)

37

In 1686, New England Colonies were combined and placed under the direct British control by King James II for violating the Navigation Acts.

Dominion of New England

38

This royal governor was sent by King James II to restrict independence under the Dominion of New England. He suspended liberties and town meetings, but he eventually failed and left New England.

Sir Edmond Andros

39

In 1688, James II (Catholic king) was removed from the English throne by William of Orange and Mary (James II's daughter) during this rebellion. However, restrictions on colonial trade remained.

Glorious Revolution

40

By 1662, the Puritan's religious enthusiasm began to diminish over time. This agreement eased requirements for church membership, which allowed for limited religious commitment.

Halfway Covenant