Manifest Destiny, 1844-1848 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Manifest Destiny, 1844-1848 Deck (15):
1

Who won the election of 1844 between James K. Polk (Democrat) and Henry Clay (Whig) and became the 11th president of the U.S.?

Pres. James K. Polk (1845-1849)

2

In the 1840s, this was the idea that God wanted the U.S. to continue to expand westward. Southerners saw it as an opportunity to spread slavery, while Northerners argued to stop slavery from spreading.

Manifest Destiny (1840s)

3

In 1845, President John Tyler permitted the annexation of this territory, but left James K. Polk to deal with the aftermath.

Texas (1845)

4

In 1846, Pres. Polk signed the Oregon Treaty and promised to take all of the Oregon land under dispute between the U.S. and Britain. What popular slogan spread because of the U.S. demand for Oregon?

"54'' 40' or Fight!"

5

General Zachary Taylor provoked Mexicans by moving into the disputed Rio Grande River. Which war did this action spark?

Mexican-American War (1846-1848)

6

John Slidell went to Mexico to negotiate peace with Mexico, but was rejected. This officially began the Mexican-American War. What was the name of this mission?

Slidell Mission

7

What years did the Mexican-American War take place?

1846-1848

8

At the end of the Mexican-American War this was suggested by David Wilmot to ban slavery in new states from Mexican land. This suggestion failed, but symbolized the burning issue of slavery between the North and South.

Wilmot Proviso

9

In 1848, this treaty ended the Mexican-American War.

Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo

10

The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo gave the U.S. the territories of Arizona, California, Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah, and Wyoming from Mexico. What was this called?

Mexican Cession

11

In 1848, a new party formed. This was an antislavery party who favored the Wilmot Proviso. These moderate abolitionists did not oppose slavery in the south, but opposed the expansion of slavery into new territories (West).

Free-Soil Party (1848)

12

Who won the election of 1848 between Zachary Taylor "Old Rough and Ready" (Whig) and Lewis Class (Democrat)? This person would die in office.

Pres. Zachary Taylor (1849-1850)

13

What was happening in California in 1849?

Gold Rush in California

14

Who became the 13th president of the U.S. after Zachary Taylor died?

Pres. Millard Fillmore (1850-1853)

15

Manifest Destiny ignited which burning issue between the Northern and Southern states that was initially settled with the Missouri Compromise of 1820?

Expansion of Slavery