Flashcards in World War I, 1914-1918 Deck (35):
Who was the 28th president of the U.S. states and had to deal with World War I?
Pres. Woodrow Wilson (1913-1921)
What were the four causes of World War I?
When World War I erupted in Europe in 1914, what was the position of the U.S.?
U.S. declared neutrality
Which countries did the U.S. have closer cultural and economics links?
Britain and France
Although the U.S. declared neutrality during World War I, how did the U.S. help Britain and France?
Loaned them money to by American supplies
What technique was very effective in turning American public opinion against the Germans?
In 1915, this ship was sunk by a German submarine, where 128 Americans died.
In 1916, the Sussex Pledge by this country promised not to sink merchant or passenger ships without giving due warning.
In 1916, the U.S. passed this act that allowed for the increase of the regular army and builds more than 50 warships.
National Defense Act (1916)
In 1916, this board set production priorities and established control over raw materials and prices. The government heavily regulated businesses.
War Industries Board (1916)
In 1916, this administration encouraged American to eat less meat and bread so more food could be shipped to the Allies.
Food Administration (1916)
In 1916, this administration directed efforts to save coal and gas.
Fuel Administration (1916)
In 1916, this board settled dispute between workers and employers and prevented strikes. Wages rose, 8-hour days, and union membership increased.
National War Labor Board (1916)
In 1917, this was used to raise money for the war. The government convinces Americans to put their savings into federal government bonds.
Liberty Bonds (1917)
In 1917, this committee enlisted the services of artists, writers, movie stars to depict the heroism of U.S. soldiers and the villainy of the Kaiser. Spread anti-German & pro-Allied propaganda with films, posters, pamphlets, and speakers.
Committee on Public Information (1917)
In 1917, this Nativist group attacked "disloyal minorities." "Hate the Hun" campaigns attacked all things German.
American Protective League (1917)
In 1917, this act allowed for the drafting of large numbers of recruits for the war. Soldiers were conscripted (drafted) into the army using a democratic method of random selection.
Selective Service Act (1917)
400,000 African Americans served during World War I. What was particular about African Americans serving in the army?
They served in segregated units
In 1917, both of these acts were passed to imprison any person who tried to incite rebellion or obstruct the draft. Prohibited anyone from making "disloyal" remarks about the U.S. government.
Espionage and Sedition Acts (1917)
Which Socialist leader was sentenced to 10 years in prison for speaking against the war?
Eugene V. Debs
This Supreme Court case upheld the constitutionality of the Espionage Act. The right to free speech could be limited when it represented a "clear and present danger."
Schenck v. United States
In 1917, the U.S. entered World War I. What were some reasons for U.S. entry into the war?
1.Unrestricted submarine warfare.
3.Cultural/economic ties with the Allies
4."The world must be made safe for democracy"
What were some of the effects that World War I had on American society.
More jobs for women and African Americans and Mexicans entered the U.S. in large numbers looking for work.
What is the term given to the mass migration of blacks leaving the South to the North in search of job opportunities during World War I.
In what year did Germany surrender?
In 1919, Woodrow Wilson presented his Fourteen Points at this conference.
Paris Peace Conference (1919)
What were some of the goals of Wilson's Fourteen Points?
1.Freedom of the seas and trade.
2.End secret treaties.
3.Reduce national armaments.
4.Adjust colonial claims.
5.Self-determination for new countries.
6.League of Nations
In 1919, what were some of the outcomes of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles?
1.Germany was disarmed and stripped of its colonies.
2.Germany had to admit the guilt for the war.
3.Germany had to pay Britain and France.
4.Self-determination for new countries.
5.League of Nations formed.
Which country rejected the Treaty of Versailles and refused to join the League of Nations?
In 1924, this plan allowed for U.S. banks to loan money to Germany to rebuild its economy and pay reparations to Britain and France.
Dawes Plan (1924)
In the aftermath of World War I, what were some effects on American society?
Returning soldiers took jobs away from women and African Americans. Factories and farmers suffered from falling prices.
In 1919, there was an anti-communist hysteria that swept through the U.S. During this Red Scare who led raids to gather information on radicals and ordered mass arrests with limited criminal evidence. Trampled civil liberties to get information.
A. Mitchell Palmer - Palmer Raids (1919)
What happened in 1919 that Unions began to lose the trust of the American people and the gains they got during the Progressive Era and WWI?
Strikes of 1919
What began to occur in 1919 in northern cities because of the mass migration of African American looking for jobs?
Race Riots (1919)