American Revolution, 1775-1783 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in American Revolution, 1775-1783 Deck (30):
1

In 1775, 56 delegates from 12 colonies asked King George III to repeal the Intolerable Acts, but did not want to split from England. A second meeting was set up and agreed upon by the delegates.

First Continental Congress

2

Members of the First Continental Congress pledged not to obey the Intolerable Acts. Colonies could raise and train militias.

Suffolk Resolves

3

At the First Continental Congress, delegates promised obedience to the king, but denied Parliament's right to tax the colonies.

Declaration of Rights and Grievances

4

First battles of the American Revolution in 1775.

Lexington and Concord

5

In 1775, Delegates met in Philadelphia and agreed to raise money to create an army and navy. Appointed General George Washington as the commander of the Continental Army.

Second Continental Congress

6

Last attempt to make peace with Britain in 1775, but was rejected.

Olive Branch Petition

7

In 1775, Parliament passed this act, which declared the colonies in rebellion.

Prohibitory Act

8

In 1776, this political pamphlet called for independence from Great Britain. Opposed monarchy, favored a republic. Inspired many to join the revolution against the British.

Common Sense

9

Who wrote Common Sense?

Thomas Paine

10

In 1776, this was written by Thomas Jefferson, who used Enlightenment ideas. Listed British violations of colonial rights and accused King George III of tyranny.

Declaration of Independence

11

Life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness is in the Declaration of Independence. Where did these natural rights come from?

John Locke

12

This was the term given to colonials who supported independence from England.

Patriots

13

This was the term given to colonials who remained loyal to England.

Loyalists (Tories)

14

Approximately 5,000 African Americans fought as patriots, most of them freemen from which part of the colonies?

North

15

Native Americans strongly supported which side during the American Revolution?

British

16

Women during the American Revolution, provided support services for the army, spied on British troops, ran the household and did what with British goods?

Boycott

17

This was the wife of John Adams and reminded him that women remained second-class citizens.

Abigail Adams

18

This woman fought in battle by taking her husband's place.

Mary McCauley (Molly Pitcher)

19

This woman disguised as a man and served as a soldier.

Deborah Sampson

20

What were the years of the Revolutionary War?

1776-1783

21

In 1777, this battle was a turning point in the American Revolution and convinced the French government to declare war on Great Britain and aid the Americans. French-American alliance was created.

Battle of Saratoga

22

In 1781, British General Cornwallis surrenders after this battle. Britain loses control over the colonies.

Battle of Yorktown

23

In 1781, this was ratified and was the first attempt of creating a government by the founders.

Articles of Confederation

24

The Articles of Confederation was purposely made weak, so the new government would not be too powerful. Name some weaknesses.

Unicameral legislature, NO executive/judicial branches, NO authority to tax, NO authority over the states, NO authority to regulate commerces, NO army

25

What was the most important accomplishment of the Articles of Confederation?

Northwest Ordinance (1787

26

This allowed for the government to sell land in the west and created rules for the orderly creation of new states and how they will be admitted into the Union.

Northwest Ordinance (1787)

27

The Northwest Ordinance did not allow what in the 5 new territories in the northwest?

Slavery

28

In 1783, the British recognized American Independence in this treaty.

Treaty of Paris of 1783

29

One of the major reasons why colonists supported the war against England was that Parliament wanted to control the internal affairs of the colonies without what?

Consent

30

Name three accomplishments of the Articles of Confederation?

Oversaw the end of the war
Northwest Ordinance of 1787
Treaty of Paris of 1783