Civil War, 1861-1865 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Civil War, 1861-1865 Deck (35):
1

What years did the Civil War take place?

1861-1865

2

What were some of the advantages that the North had over the South during the Civil War?

Extensive railroad network, Strong industry, Superior Navy, Larger population.

3

What were some disadvantages the North had during the Civil War?

1.Shortages of experienced and skilled military commanders. 2.Divided population that did not support the war.

4

What were some of the advantages that the South had over the North during the Civil War?

A defensive war on its home territory, Long coastline difficult to blockade, Cotton as a cash crop, Experienced and skilled military commanders, Economic relationship with Great Britain.

5

What were some disadvantages the South had during the Civil War?

Smaller population than the North and smaller industrial base.

6

Th Civil War was not just about slavery. What two other reasons led to the outbreak of the Civil War?

1.American economy between Northern industrialists and Southern plantations.
2.Southerners viewed the outbreak of war as a state's rights issue.

7

In 1861, this event officially began the Civil War when the Confederates attacked a federal fort in South Carolina.

Fort Sumter (1861)

8

The states of Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware did not secede from the Union, and were allowed to keep their slaves. What is the term that is used to describe these states during the Civil War?

Border States

9

In 1861, what did President Lincoln suspend where over 14,000 citizens who opposed the war were imprisoned without trial?

Habeas Corpus

10

In 1861, this was passed in the North that allowed the Union Army to seize enemy property, which meant that they could free slaves.

Confiscation Acts (1861)

11

This was the first major battle of the Civil War in 1861 and a Southern victory convinced the North that victory would not be easy.

Battle at Bull Run (1861)

12

In 1861, this Northern plan would blockade all Southern ports and starve the South into submission. This blockade also restricted the South's ability to trade.

Anaconda Plan (1861)

13

In 1863, this act allowed for the drafting of all white men from the ages of 20 to 45 into the army. This was resisted in the North and South.

Conscription Acts (1863)

14

In 1863, draft riots erupted in New York because rich men were able to dodge the draft and use which immigrants for replacements. These same immigrants started the draft riots.

Irish immigrants

15

In 1862, these two ironclad ships of the North and South marked the beginning of a new era of naval warfare.

Monitor (Union) and Merrimac (Confederacy)

16

In 1862, this Union victory persuaded England and France to remain neutral. This Union victory enabled Lincoln to issue the Emancipation Proclamation.

Battle at Antietam (1862)

17

This proclamation by Lincoln declared that all slaves in states still in rebellion were forever free. This did not apply to the border states. Slaves had to be freed by the Union Army, so many tried to escape and flee.

The Emancipation Proclamation (1863)

18

What was the all-black fighting unit during the Civil War?

Massachusetts 54th Regiment (Army of Freedom)

19

This major defeat of Robert E. Lee in Pennsylvania in 1863 was a turning point in the war. The South would not recover from this defeat.

Battle of Gettysburg (1863)

20

By 1864, Lincoln finally found a capable general for the Union Army. This Union general would later become president.

Ulysses S. Grant

21

In 1864, this general led a huge force of Union troops through the South on a campaign of complete destruction. This march helped to break the will of the Confederacy and destroyed its will to fight on.

General William Tecumseh Sherman

22

In 1865, Robert E. Lee surrendered to Ulysses S. Grant at this courthouse in Virginia. The Civil War was over.

Appomattox Courthouse (1865)

23

In 1865, Abraham Lincoln was assassinated by John Wilkes Booth. Who became the 17th president of the United States?

Pres. Andrew Johnson (1865-1869)

24

These individuals wanted the immediate abolition of slavery and punishment for the South.

Radical Republicans

25

These moderate Republicans wanted economic opportunities for whites.

Free-Soilers

26

What is the term used to describe the right someone has to be informed of why they are being arrested?

Habeas Corpus

27

After the Civil War, what became an established fact about the American government?

Federal government was superior to the state governments.

28

This act in 1861 raised tariffs during the Civil War to protect American industries.

Morrill Tariff Act (1861)

29

In 1862, this act promoted the settlement of the Great Plains by offering 160 acres of public land free to whatever person or family would farm it for at least five years.

Homestead Act (1862)

30

This land grant in 1862 maintained agricultural and technical colleges.

Morrill Land Grant Act (1862)

31

This act in 1862 authorized the building of a transcontinental railroad to link the economies of California, western territories, and eastern states.

Pacific Railway Act (1862)

32

How did women step up during the Civil War?

Women filled the millions of jobs that were left by men. Women operated farms and plantations as well as taking factory jobs.

33

After the Civil War, the field of nursing became available to women. Also, enormous responsibilities during the war encouraged women to fight for what?

Equal Voting Rights

34

Which amendment in 1865 ended slavery?

13th Amendment

35

In the aftermath of the Civl War, the southern economy was destroyed, but America would quickly become a modern industrial society. The Civil War strengthened American democracy and its capitalist economy. What is another name given to the Civil War?

Second American Revolution