2015 INT Exam Questions Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2015 INT Exam Questions Deck (50):
1

What part of the digestive tract follows the omasum?

abomasum

2

Which breed of dairy cattle originated in Switzerland?

Brown Swiss

3

Which reproductive hormone is produced in the hypothalamus of both cows and bulls?

GnRh (gonadotropin releasing hormone)

4

What is the act of taking a young animal off of milk as its main source of nutrition?

weaning

5

What is a record of an animal’s ancestry?

pedigree

6

What term describes the protion of feed that remains after the water has been removed by drying it in an oven?

dry matter

7

Glucose and galactose make up which disaccharide?

lactose

8

The esophagus connects what two organs together?

mouth and rumen

9

What are plants called that have a life cycle of more than two years?

perennial

10

The process of joining an ovum and a sperm is known as what?

fertilization

11

At what percent protein should calf starter be?

18-22%

12

Follicle stimulating hormone stimulates the growth of what?

the egg

13

How many teeth does a mature dairy cow have?

32

14

What is the major support of the udder that divides it in half when viewed from the rear?

median suspensory ligament

15

Where are E. Coli and Klebsiella sp. bacteria most commonly found on a dairy farm?

in organic matter such as bedding and manure

16

What is the primary acid found in the abomasum?

hydrochloric acid

17

What is the first milk produced by the cow after calving called?

colostrum

18

What do the letters UHT stand for when talking about milk processing?

ultra high temperature

19

What is feed that a cow has regurgitated and is being re-chewed called?

cud

20

Which cattle association has an open herd book with different levels of registry?

Red and White Association

21

Thier are two main reason to add molasses to a dairy ration. List one.

improve taste (palatability) and reduce dustiness

22

What is the ideal rumen pH?

6

23

Total Mixed Rations (TMR) fed to cows often vary from formulated diets. Which is most commonly underfed?

crude protein

24

Where does fertilization occur?

fallopian tube (oviduct)

25

If a sperm bearing the X chromosome fertilizes an egg, what sex will the offspring be?

female

26

Which category has the most points on a dairy heifer scorecard?

frame

27

What is the basic unit of inheritance?

gene

28

Who developed the butterfat taste that was the basis for DHIA testing?

Stephen Babcock

29

What is a nematode?

a parasite or worm

30

What is the most popular cheese consumed in the US?

mozzarella

31

What body system does pneumonia affect?

respiratory

32

Since both E. COli and Klebsiella sp. bacteria will infect mammary glands through the environmental contact, which should be done to help prevent exposure to them?

keep stalls clean

33

What company is the largest processor and distributor of milk in the world based on dairy sales?

Nestle of Switzerland

34

Which vitamin is also known as ascorbic acid?

Vitamin C

35

The liquid feed of a calf goes directly into the abomasum by means of what source?

esophageal groove

36

A dairy cow’s weight can be evaluated using a body condition scoring system, what are the highest and lowest numbers a cow can receive and what do theose numbers represent?

1 Very thin / 5 Very fat

37

What source of pollution are from mutiple and diffuse sources which are not readily identified?

non-point sources

38

In what organ does gluconeogenesis take place?

liver

39

In which stomach compartment does hardware disease occur?

reticulum

40

Who is the largest yogurt maker?

Dannon or Danone

41

What is chyme?

partially-digested feed stuff found in the small intestine

42

What is the process that assures that milk and dairy products will be uniform in fat and protein content?

standardization

43

Name a product found under Class 3 Milk?

cream cheese and hard manufactured cheese

44

What is the cow’s first line of defense against mastitis infections?

streak canal or teat canal

45

Cattle have how many pairs of chromosomes?

30 pairs

46

Where do mycoplasma infections come from?

from purchased animals with unknown health status

47

What is a cow that is not lactating but has been though one lactation previously?

dry

48

From where did the Milking Shorthorn cow originate?

England

49

Are corn, barley and wheat examples of forages or concentrates?

concentrates

50

Fans should be run continuously once the temperatures reach what degree Farenheit?

70ºF

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