Flashcards in JR Exam Questions Deck (146):
What is a record of ancestry called?
Which stste has the highest number of dairy cows?
What is the name of the large storage facility used to cool and store the milk until it can be transported to the milk processing plant?
How many pounds of whole milk does it take to make one pound of cheese?
What is the fluid by-product of cheese making?
How long after birth should a calf be fed colostrum?
What are two common methods of identification in calves?
eartag, ear tattoo, photo, sketch,
Where in the cow are the eggs produced?
Where is the Red & White Breed Headquarters located?
Which dairy cattle breed orginated in the Netherlands and Germany?
What is the recommended temperature for washing the bulk tank?
Where is the All-American Dairy Show held?
How many classes of milk are there?
When posing your COW for the judge, her rear leg closet to the judge should be __?
slightly forward of the other one
Microminerals are laso known as ___ minerals.
Which part of the reproductive tract is where the calf grows and develops?
Name the stomach compartments of the cow.
rumen, reticulum omasum, abomasum
What do the letters ET stand for?
How much does a gallon of milk weigh?
How can a population's genetic make-up be changed?
migration, mutation, selection
What bredd of dairy cattle is known for the golden color of milk?
What symbol assures the customer that the product they are purchasing is a genuine dairy product?
What disease is caused by a deficiency of Vitamin E and selenium?
white muscle disease
How old is a calf when it begins to chew its cud?
Which stomach compartment is the largest?
rumen, reticulum omasum, abomasum
Which stomach chamber is often referred to as the honeycomb?
Why would a farmer use copper sulfate ona dairy farm?
as a foot bath additive
What do you call the process that turns cream into butter?
Which breed of dairy goat has ears that are so small, they look like they don't even have ears?
Give an example of a legume.
alfalfa, soybeans, clover
What is the process of joining an ovum and a sperm called?
What are the small projections that line the wall of the rumen?
What is the largest dairy cooperative in the world
DFA (Dairy Framers of America)
What are the stages of a fly's life cycle?
egg, larvae, pupa, adult
The "Red Bloodlines" is the breed publication of which breed?
Red & White Holsteins
What class of milk would you find cream cheese in?
What is the standard length of a DHIA record?
How many quarts of saliva does a mature dairy cow produce per day?
Corn grain contains the greatest amount of what basic nutrient?
The two parts of a cow that can be twisted to one side and called "wry" are what?
face and tail
When a calf drinks milk, what diverts the milk into the abomasum?
How many pounds does a typical Jersey calf weigh at birth?
Name an on-farm screening test to detect mastitis.
CMT (California Mastitis Test), Strip Cup, Conductivity
What month's cana spring heifer be born in?
March, April, May
The normal temperature of a calf is?
What is the recommended length for a cow's dry period?
The study of goats and goat husbandry is known as:
What is known as the "national dairy farm magazine"?
Where is the thurl located on the dairy cow?
between hooks and pins
What is the name of the official Jersey breed magazine?
What city holds the National 4-H Dairy Conference?
Which of the stomach compartments is located closest to the heart?
Name a style of milk parlor.
parallel, side-opening, herringbone, rotary, parabone
What dairy feedstuff is made from sugar beet or sugar cane, is high in sugar, and has a sweet small?
What do you call a plant that must be replanted each year?
What hormone is known as the "milk letdown" hormone?
What are the two most common health problems in calves?
scours & pneumonia
Microminerals are needed in what amount?
What is another name for the corpus luteum?
What is the by-product of cheese making called?
What is the term for an animal that never grows horns because of its genetic make-up?
Give the order of classes at dairy shows.
Youngest - spring heifer calf, winter heifer calf, fall heifer calf, summer yearling heifer, spring yearling heifer, winter yearling calf, fall yearling heifer
What fast food chain in the United Sates uses the most milk?
What is the device used to test the quality of colostrum?
How often should the on-farm bulk tank be washed and sanitized?
every time it is emptied
What is the average length of a cow's pregnancy?
What is the most popular cheese in the Unites States?
Where does one give an intramuscular injection?
in the neck
What is the name of the condition when a cow cannot belch?
What is the most costly disease in dairy cattle?
Dystocia means difficulty doing what?
difficulty giving birth
How many teeth does a mature dairy cow have?
32 teeth, no upper front teeth
Which breed of dairy cattle is the largest bymartue breed weight?
How many pairs of chromosomes does a dairy animal have?
What do the letters DHIA stand for?
Dairy Herd Improvement Association
What is a sterile heifer born twin to a bull called?
What would you give a dairy animal to help with the prevention of hardware disease?
Which of the dairy cattle breeds is the smallest?
What nutrient is required by the dairy animal in the largest amount?
What hormone blocks milk let down?
What does DM stand for in regards to nutrition?
What month is national dairy month?
What breed of dairy cow makes up approximately 90% of all dairy cows in the US?
What causes ringworm?
Where is a cow's blind spot?
directly behind the animal
The CMT is used to detect what type of infection?
What factor contributes the greatest cost to the production of milk?
What are the functions of saliva?
mostens food, acts a buffer, lubicates food
The PDCA Dairy Cow Unified score card changed in what year?
What month is National Ice Cream month?
Which organ is affected by endometritis?
What is the name of the process that breaks up the fat particles so that they remain mixed in the milk?
For Holstein's what is the range for a very good classification?
What part of the back lies between the withers and the middle of the back on both dairy cows and dairy goats?
What is the mature bodyweight of a Jersey cow?
Milk is usually fortified with what two vitamins?
A and D
Name the two gases produced in the rumen.
carbon dioxide and methane
What do the letters USDA stand for?
United States Department of Agriculture
What vitamin is necessary because it helps to clot blood?
What percent fat is whole milk?
Name an animal besides a dairy cow that produces milk for human consumption.
goat, sheep, yak, camel, water buffalo, reindeer, horse
What element is used to store semen?
liquid nitrogen (-320º)
What is the liquid portion leftover after making cheese?
Mastitis is caused by what type of microorganism?
What is a castrated male goat called?
What are castrated male dairy cattle called?
In what part of the cow does a calf grow and develop?
Where is the pastern located?
above the hoof
Ringworm is caused by what type of microorganism?
What do the letters TMR stand for?
total mixed ration
On the PDCA Unified Score Card for Dairy Cows, Dairy Strength counts for how many points?
What is the practice of flushing an embryo from one cow and placing it in another?
Name one common metabolic disorder.
milk fever, ketosis, retained placenta
What is the name of plants whose life cycle is more than two years?
Which breed of dairy goat is all white?
What is the mother of a dairy calf called?
What three parts of the Brown Swiss are typically black?
nose, hoofs, switch
What is the term for the milk left in the udder after milking?
In reference to dairy health, what do the letters DA mean?
The relationship bewteen the rumen microbes and the ruminant animal is called:
The average age of a dairy calf when it is weaned is approximately what?
4-8 weeks old
Name a common type of fly on the dairy farm.
face fly, house fly, heel fly
What compartment of the digestive system is known as the true stomach?
What breed is known as the Royal Breed?
What is the normal temperature of a dairy cow?
Glucose and galactose are two simple sugars that make up what more complex milk sugar?
When you buzz in during a dairy bowl game you may only repsond when?
after the judge acknowledges you
What is the average number of days between heat periods for a cow ad goat?
When judging dairy cows, the udder is worth how many points?
What is the first milk from the cow called?
What vitamin is added to all commercially available milk?
A and/or D
What chamber of the stomach is closest to the heart?
Name a common type of manure storage facility?
dry stack barn, anaerobic pit, earthen structure, above ground tank, lagoon
When milk is pasteurized, it is heated to 161ºF for how long?
What is the most common illness a dairy calf can get?
How often should water be available to dairy cows?
The Ayrshire originated in what country?
What is the term for the first streams of milk stripped from the udder prior to milking?
What organ produces the cow's eggs?
A _____ sale is when a farmer sells his entire herd.
At what age do you want a dairy heifer to calve for the first time?
2 years old
What is the name of the precursor to vitamin A?
Feta cheese is mainly made from the milk from what animal?
The land area that catches rain and snow run-off and drains to marshes, streams, rivers, lakes and/or groundwater is called what?
What is the common name for mycobacterium paratuberculosis?