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Flashcards in Antihypertensives Deck (104)
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1

Stage 1/First line Anti-HTN

Ca channel blockers
Thiazides
ACEIs
ARBs

2

ACE inhibitors

Captopril
Enalapril
Lisinopril

3

ARBs

Lorsatan
Valsartan

4

Renin inhibitor

Aliskiren

5

Ca channel blockers

Verapamil
Diltiazem
Nifedipine
Amlodipine

6

Thiazides

Chlorthalidone
Hydrochlorothiazide
Metolazone

7

Loop Diuretics

Ethacrynic Acid
Furosemide
Torsemide

8

K sparing diuretics

Amiloride
Triamterene
Spironolactone
Eplerenone

9

What are the 2nd line Anti-HTNs

Beta blockers
Aldosterone antagonists

10

Beta blockers

Atenolol
Metoprolol
Propranolol
Pindolol

11

Alpha blockers

Doxazosin
Prazosin
Terazosin

12

Mixed alpha/beta blockers

Labetalol

13

Central alpha 2 agonists

Clonidine
Methyldopa

14

What are the 3rd line Anti-HTNs

Direct Vasodilators

15

Direct vasodilators

Hydralazine
Minoxidil

16

Non-selective endothelin receptor blocker

Bosentan

17

Synthetic PGI2

Epoprostenol

18

What do ACEIs do

Decrease PVR, BP
Decrease diabetic nephropathy
Decrease albuminuria

19

DOC pts post MI

ACEI/ARB (but beta blocker first)

20

Elevated creatinine in pts with bilateral renal stenosis

ACEI

21

Major AE is Hyperkalemia

ACEI

22

No effect on bradykinin

ARBs

23

Least selective Ca channel blocker

Verapamil

24

Can cause reflex tachycardia

Ca channel blockers
Alpha blockers (short term)
Direct vasodilators

25

Contraindicated in CHF due to negative inotropic effects

Verapamil

26

Great for HTN but not arrhythmias

Dihydropyridines

27

What are the Dihydropyridines

Nifedipine
Amlodipine

28

What are the Nondihydropyridines

Verapamil
Diltiazem

29

Major AE is Hypokalemia

Thiazides

30

1st line in pts with HTN and severe LV dysfunction

Spironolactone
Eplerenone