Flashcards in Atopic Dermatitis Deck (33):
What factors decrease the itch threshold?
3. Dry skin
What factors increase the itch threshold?
3. Hydrated skin
Which do you manage first, the primary problems or the secondary problems?
What are 6 ways to identify the primary factors?
2. Endocrine evaluation
3. Allergy tests
4. Dietary trials
5. Skin biopsy
6. Environmental isolation
What is the most common primary factor of (1) pyoderma, (2) Malassezia dermatitis, and (3) otitis externa?
What is the #1 allergen?
What are the seasonal allergens for Spring?
1. Tree pollens
What are the seasonal allergens for Summer?
1. Grass pollens
2. Weed pollens
What are the seasonal allergens for Autumn?
1. Weed pollens
What are the seasonal allergens for Winter?
1. Indoor allergens
True or False: Dust mites are not a problem during the winter months.
FALSE - Dust mite is the most common allergen all year long.
What is the hallmark clinical sign for atopic dermatitis?
Atopic dermatitis causes an itch that ____.
Atopic dermatitis causes an itch that RASHES.
Which dog breed are predisposed to atopic dermatitis (7)?
3. English bulldog
4. Golden retriever
5. Labrador retriever
6. French bulldown
7. Shar pei
At what age do clinical signs of atopic dermatitis typically start to appear?
1-3 years of age
Is atopic dermatitis glucocorticoid-responsive?
Yes, if secondary infections are not present
What are the 5 physical lesions you would find with atopic dermatitis?
What are the 2 causes of military dermatitis in the cat?
1. Flea infestation
2. Atopic dermatitis
What are the 8 conditions off of which to clinically diagnose atopic dermatitis?
What type of hypersensitivity does an intradermal skin test elicit?
Type I hypersensitivity
Which allergy test measures IgE in the skin?
Which allergy test measures IgE in the serum?
Which allergy test requires more time and supplies?
Which allergy test could cause false (-)s?
Which allergy test could cause false (+)s?
What are your 4 options for treating allergies?
2. IL-31 blocking agents
4. Allergen-specific immunotherapy
What is the glucocorticoid-of-choice for controlling allergies in the dog?
What is the glucocorticoid-of-choice for controlling allergies in the cat?
What is the least expensive way to control allergies?
What is the dosage for prednisone/prednisolone in treating atopy?
What is the prednisone/prednisolone protocol for atopy?
1.1 mg/kg q24h PO for 5-7 days, then 1.1 mg/kg q48h PO for 14-21 days, decreasing by 10-20 % every 10-21 days from there. Maintenance dose: 0.5-1.1 mg/kg q48h
What are the 3 advantages of glucocorticoids in treating atopy?
1. Effective in 90-95% of patients
3. Easy to dose