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Small Animal Internal Medicine > Fleas > Flashcards

Flashcards in Fleas Deck (43):
1

What are the 3 juvenile hormone analogs?

1. Methoprene
2. Pyriproxifen
3. Fenoxycarb

2

What are the 2 insect development inhibitors?

1. Lufenuron
2. Cyromazine

3

What is in Frontline Plus?

Fripronil + Methroprene

4

What is pyriproxyfen combined with?

Permethrin

5

What are the advantages to using pyriproxyfen?

1. Not degraded by UV light
2. Available in sprays

6

What are the disadvantages to pyriproxyfen?

1. Not for use in cats
2. Only for dogs > 4 months

7

What are the advantages of lufenuron?

1. Easy to administer
2. Approved for dogs and cats

8

What is the one disadvantage to lufenuron?

No adulticidal activity

9

What are the inert insecticides?

1. Silica aerogel
2. Diatomaceous earth
3. Borates

10

In what chemical class is Imidacloprid?

Neonicotinoid

11

What is the common name for Imidacloprid?

Advantage

12

What does Advantix contain?

Imidacloprid + permethrin

13

What does Advantage Multi contain?

Imidacloprid + moxidectin

14

What does Advantage II contain?

Imidacloprid + pyriproxyfen

15

What are the 2 disadvantages associated with Imidacloprid (Advantage)?

1. Greasy on application
2. Ataxia, hypersalivation reported in kittens

16

What is the chemical class of Nitenpyram?

Neonicotinoid

17

What is the common name for Nitenpyram?

Capstar

18

For what age group is Nitenpyram (Capstar) labeled?

Dogs and cats > 4 weeks and > 2 pounds

19

What is the chemical class of Fipronil?

Phenylprazole

20

What are the active ingredients of Frontline Plus?

Fipronil + methoprene

21

Which is more rapidly effective, Nitenpyram or Fipronil?

Fipronil (within 2 hours)

Nitenpyram (within 24 hours)

22

What is the chemical class of selamectin?

Macrocyclic lactone

23

What is the mechanism of action of selamectin?

Potentiates the release and effects of the neurotransmitter GABA

24

What are ALL the uses of selamectin (7)?

1. Flea control
2. Ear mite control
3. Sarcoptic mange
4. Heartworm prevention
5. Hookworm
6. Roundworm
7. Tick control

25

What is the common name for Dinotefuran?

Vectra

26

What are the 3 ingredients in Vectra 3D for dogs?

1. Permethrin
2. Dinotefuran
3. Pyriproxifen

27

What is the chemical class of Spinetoram?

Spinosyn

28

What is the chemical class of Indoxacarb?

Oxadiazine

29

What is the mechanism of action of Indoxacard?

Sodium channel blocker

30

What chemical class is Afoxolaner (NexGard) in?

Isoxazoline

31

What is the mechanism of action of Afoxolaner?

Inhibits GABA and L-glutamate-gated chloride channels

32

What are 4 adverse effects associated with Afoxolaner?

1. Vomiting
2. Diarrhea
3. Anorexia
4. Lethargy

33

What is the chemical class of Fluralaner (Bravecto)?

Isoxazoline

34

What is the mechanism of action of Fluralaner?

Inhibits GABA and L-glutamate gated chloride channels

35

What is the chemical class of Spinosad?

Spinosyn

36

What is the mechanism of action of Spinosad?

Activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors

37

What is the one contraindication to Spinosad?

Do NOT use with ivermectin (spinosad is a P-glycoprotein inhibitor)

38

What are the 3 insecticide collars mentioned?

1. Seresto
2. Scalibor
3. Preventic

39

What does the Scalibor collar contain?

Deltamethrin

40

What does the Seresto collar contain?

Imidacloprid and flumethrin

41

What does the Preventic collar contain?

Amitraz

42

What is Lufenuron?

Insect development inhibitor

43

How does Lufenuron inhibit insect development?

Inhibits chitin