Flashcards in Leptospirosis Deck (22):
Is Leptospira gram (-) or gram (+)?
Gram (-) spirochete
Put the following in order from least selective or most selective: Species, Strain, Serovar, Serogroup, Genus.
Genus --> Species --> Serogroup --> Serovar --> Strain
What are the vectors/reservoirs of lepto?
Name 4 routes of entry for lepto.
1. Intact mucous membranes
Name 3 things that easily kill lepto.
3. UV light
Explain the seasonality of leptospirosis.
Seasonality of outbreaks will be associated with rainfall.
Which dog breed has the highest prevalence to lepto?
PCR detects ____ of the leptosira organism.
Which will diagnose lepto earlier, PCR or serology?
Leptospirosis: Why should you submit both a urine sample and blood sample for PCR?
Organisms present in the blood <7 days post-infection
Organisms present in urine >7-14 days post-infection
True or False: A negative PCR result rules out Leptospirosis.
There is a 4-serovar vaccine available against Leptospirosis. What are the 4 serovars?
What is the mainstay antibiotic used in the treatment of Leptospirosis?
How long is the duration of treatment with Doxycycline?
What antibiotic will clear the bacteremia associated with Leptospirosis?
Which antibiotic clears Leptospirosis infection from tissues such as the kidneys?
What does MAT stand for?
Microscopic agglutination test
What is the GOLD STANDARD is diagnosis of Leptospirosis?
Serology (microscopic agglutination test)
A titer of > 1 : ___ is positive for Leptospirosis.
> 1 : 1600
What are 2 examples of false positives when using serology to diagnose Lepto?
2. Previous exposure
True or False: Leptospirosis is subclinical in cats.