Hyperadrenocorticism Flashcards Preview

Small Animal Internal Medicine > Hyperadrenocorticism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Hyperadrenocorticism Deck (12):
1

What are 2 etiologies of hyperadrenocorticism?

1. Spontaneous: overproduction of endogenous glucocorticoids

2. Iatrogenic disease: exogenous glucocorticoid administration

2

What is the age of a dog diagnosed with hyperadrenocorticism?

7 - 9 years

3

Which breeds are at high risk for pituitary-dependent hyperadrenocorticism?

1. Beagle

2. Boston terrier

3. Boxer

4. Dachshund

5. GSD

4

Which breeds are at high risk for functional adrenal tumors?

1. GSD

2. Dachshund

3. Labrador retriever

5

What are the clinical signs associated with hyperadrenocorticism?

1. PU/PD

2. Polyphagia

3. Pendulous abdomen

4. Hair loss

5. Panting

6

What type of conformational changes would you see with hyperadrenocorticism?

Pendulous abdomen due to:

1. Hepatomegaly

2. Muscle atrophy / muscle weakness

3. Increased intra-abdominal fat

7

What type of cutaneous changes would you see with hyperadrenocorticism?

1. Symmetrical alopecia

2. Comedones

3. Hyperpigmentation

4. Scaling

8

Which of the following is hyperadrenocorticism associated with: (1) weight loss, (2) thromboembolism, (3) urinary tract infections.

1. Thromboembolism

2. Urinary tract infections

9

Which is linked with hyperadrenocorticism: hypotension or hypertension?

Hypertension

10

What abnormality might you see on a urine test with hyperadrenocorticism?

1. Proteinuria

2. Crystals? Due to urinary calculi

3. Bacteria? Due to urinary tract infection

4. Glucosuria

5. Low SG

11

What changes would you see on a CBC with hyperadrenocorticism?

1. Stress leukogram

2. Thrombocytosis

3. Hemoconcentration

12

What changes would you see on a biochem with hyperadrenocorticism?

1. Hyperglycemia

2. Hypernatremia

3. Hypokalmia

4. Hypercholesterolemia

5. Elevated ALP

6. Lipemia