Demodecosis Flashcards Preview

Small Animal Internal Medicine > Demodecosis > Flashcards

Flashcards in Demodecosis Deck (25):
1

What are the follicular demodex mites?

1. Demodex canis
2. Demodex injai
3. Demodex cati

2

What is the surface dwelling demodex mite?

Demodex gatoi

3

What is the treatment of choice for Demodex gatoi?

Lime sulfur

4

What are your likely treatment options for Demodex gatoi?

1. Lime sulfur
2. Advantage multi
3. Amitraz

5

How would you diagnose an infestation of Demodex gatoi?

1. Skin scraping
2. Fecal flotation
3. Histopathology

6

How would you best diagnosis Demodex injai or another follicular Demodex species?

Trichogram

7

What are your therapy options for Demodex injai?

1. Ivermectin
2. Amitraz
3. Isoxazolines
4. Advantage multi

8

Is Demodex pruritus responsive to glucocorticoids?

NO - glucocorticoids are contraindicated as a therapy for this condition

9

Is Sarcoptic Mange pruritus responsive the glucocorticoids?

Yes, but progressively less effective

10

What are the clinical features of Sarcoptic Mange?

1. Intense pruritus
2. Lymphadenomegaly
3. Crusting
4. Scaling
5. Erythema
6. Alopecia

11

Where on the body is the most classical lesion for Sarcoptic Mange?

Ear margins (crusting)

12

True or False: Treat all animals suspected of having Sarcoptic Mange.

TRUE

13

Describe the life cycle of Sarcoptes.

4 life stages: nymph, larva, egg, adult

Females burrow to lay eggs within the stratum corneum

14

True or False: Amitraz is approved for the treatment of Sarcoptic Mange in the dog.

FALSE

15

Although Amitraz is not approved for this purpose in the dog, how often should rinses be administered to treat a dog with Sarcoptic Mange?

Weekly x 3

16

What are the adverse effects of Amitraz?

1. Bradycardia
2. Sedation

17

What is the FDA-approved drug for treatment of Sarcoptic Mange in the dog?

Selamectin (Revolution)

18

What are the adverse effects of Selamectin?

NONE

19

What is the efficacy of Selamectin in treating Sarcoptic Mange with 1 dose and 2 doses?

1 dose = 93%
2 doses = 100%

20

What is the active ingredient of Advantage Multi?

Moxidectin

21

What is the recommended (extra-label) protocol for treatment of Sarcoptic Mange using Moxidectin?

q14 days x 3

22

What is the protocol for the treatment of Sarcoptic Mange using Fipronil?

1x weekly for 2 weeks

23

How effective is Fipronil in treating Sarcoptic Mange?

100%

24

Milbemycin oxime can also be utilized to treat Sarcoptic Mange in the dog. What are its adverse effects?

1. Vomiting
2. Neurolytic signs in herding dogs
3. Lethargy

25

What are your treatment options (7) for Sarcoptic Mange in the dog?

1. Lime sulfur
2. Amitraz
3. Selamectin
4. Ivermectin
5. Milbemycin oxime
6. Moxidectin
7. Fipronil