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Flashcards in Causes of the Cuban missile crisis Deck (15):
1

What parts of the Cuban economy did the USA own?

industry
telephone systems
electricity
railways
sugar

2

Who ruled before the Cuban revolution and from when did he rule?

Batista from 1933

3

When was the cuban leader overthrown?

January 1959
Batista fled into exile
Castro took over

4

Why did US-Cuban tensions grow after the Cuban revolution?

April 1959 - New York- Castro's meeting with Nixon went badly
USA condemned the execution of Batista's supporters
Castor's attitude hardened when some of Batista's supporters took refuge in the USA
Castro nationalised the US owned oil refineries in Cuba

5

When did the USA setup an economic blockade of Cuban sugar?

July 1960

6

How did Cuba respond to the US economic blockade?

The SU brought the Cuban sugar and sold Cuba petrol

7

When did Castro embrace communism?

early 1961

8

When was the by of pigs invasion?

April 1961

9

How many cuban exiles invaded the bay of pigs

1400

10

What happened at the bay of pigs?

Cuban exiles were quickly overwhelmed by the Cuban army and air force
humiliation for Kennedy who couldn't hide US involvement

11

What did the USSR do after the bay of pigs?

Supplied Cuba with MIG jets and surface to air missiles

12

When was Operation mongoose?

October 1961

13

What was operation mongoose?

A CIA secret program involving mass sabotage in Cuba
between January and July 1962 there were 60 000 acts of sabotage such as murder and arson
USA also held large scale military exercises in the Caribbean to increase the pressure on cuba

14

When did the USSR install nuclear weapons in Cuba?

September 1962

15

What nuclear weapons did the USSR put in Cuba?

24 SS-4 medium range ballistic missile launchers
16 longer range SS-5 missile launchers
Also set 42 jet bombers, 42 jet fighters, 24 SAMS , 4 elite army regiments, tow tank battalions and 40,000 troops