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Flashcards in Détente in Decline Deck (20):
1

Who became president in 1977?

Jimmy carter

2

What 2 main problems did Carter face?

SALT 1 was only an interim agreement and SALT 2 talks were going slowly
Détente was very unpopular with the US public

3

What agreement was made in 1974?

The Vladivostok Framework

4

What was the Vladivostok Framework?

Each superpower allowed an equal ceiling of 2400 missiles

5

What issues were there with the Vladivostok Framework?

difficulties about the classification of American cruise missiles and Russian backfire bombers
unable to decide if they were classed as bombers or missiles

6

What was carters attitude towards the Vladivostok Framework?

He rejected it and demanded lower ceilings

7

What was involved in Carters new nuclear project that he announced?

200 new missiles
23 new silos
agreed to upgrade the US nuclear deterrent by investing in Trident 2

8

When was SALT 2 agreed?

June 1979

9

When did Soviet troops enter Afghanistan?

24th December 1979

10

How many soviet troops entered Afghanistan?

50,000

11

Where in Afghanistan did the Soviet troops first enter?

Kabul
the capital city

12

What did the invasion of Afghanistan do to détente?

ended it

13

Why did the USSR invade Afghanistan?

to protect the communist regime in Afghanistan
Wanted to replace the more radical Amin with the soviet endorsed Karmal

14

What was the USA's response to Afghanistan?

Carter demanded the removal of Soviet troops
February 1980 - Carter started a grain embargo
Secretly sent aid to the Mujahadeen

15

When was the Brezhnev doctrine introduced?

1968
after the USSR invasion of Czechoslovakia

16

WHat was the Brezhnev doctrine?

Stated that the USSR had the right to interfere in the politics of other nations when there was a threat to communism

17

What was the effect of Afghanistan on the US public?

convinced them that détente must end

18

What was the effect of Afghanistan on the US Government?

gave the upper hand to those who wanted to end détente

19

What was the effect of Afghanistan on the US congress?

congress refused to sign the SALT 2 treaty

20

What was the effect of Afghanistan on the US president?

Carter effectively ended détente