Eisenhower and Dulles - New look policy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Eisenhower and Dulles - New look policy Deck (14):
1

When was Eisenhower elected?

1952

2

What was the impact of the Hungarian uprising?

revealed the limitations of the new look policy
USA could not interfere directly
America took 25000 Hungarian refugees
Proved the USA could not roll back communism in Eastern Europe

3

What percentage of GDP was military spending in the 1950's?

12%

4

What were the key features of New look?

Massive retaliation
Brinkmanship
Increased use of covert operations
Domino theory
Eisenhower doctrine

5

What was massive retaliation?

announced by Dulles in January 1954
greater use of nuclear threat
less reliance on conventional weapons

6

What was Brinkmanship?

getting to the verge of war without actually starting
used on China at the end of the Korean war
used to stop Mao bombing Quemoy and matsu 1954-55

7

What new planes did they develop for spying?

Lockheed u-2 spy planes

8

What coup did the CIA organise?

Against the left wing Guatemalan President Jacobo Arbenz Guzman in 1954

9

When was the Domino theory introduced?

April 1954

10

What was the domino theory?

Maintained that if Vietnam converted to communism other countries would follow such as:
Laos,Cambodia,Thailand,Malaya,Indonesia and the Philippines
Prompted the formation of SEATO

11

What and when was the Eisenhower doctrine?

1957
Committed the US to protect the independence of any state in the middle east with economic support and military support

12

When was SEATO formed?

September 1954

13

Which nations were involved with SEATO?

USA
Britain
France
Australia
New Zealand
Pakistan
Philippines
Thailand

14

What was the aim of SEATO?

to prevent the spread of communism in south east Asia
only had a limited impact
angered China