Conference Diplomacy 1954-61 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Conference Diplomacy 1954-61 Deck (21):
1

When was the Geneva conference?

April - July 1954

2

Who was the Geneva conference between?

USA,USSR,Britain and France

3

What happened at the Geneva conference?

NO progress made on a Korean peace treaty
Settlement agreed on the indochina war:
Ceasefire declared, french troops to be withdrawn
Laos and Cambodia established as independent states
Vietnam temporarily divided into north and south
USA refused to sign this but pledged to not undermine it

4

When was the Geneva Summit?

July 1955

5

Who was involved?

Britain,USA,USSR and France

6

What was significant about the Geneva Summit?

the first east-west summit of the cold war

7

What was NOT agreed at the Geneva summit?

The west rejected the USSR's attempt to neutralise Germany
The USSR wanted negotiations between east and west Germany
USSR wanted to a collective security system to replace NATO and the Warsaw Pact
Eisenhower suggested an open skies policy
Khrushchev rejected this
HOWEVER a good relationship was established

8

When was the Camp David Summit?

September 1959

9

Who was involved in the Camp David Summit?

USSR and USA

10

Why did Khrushchev believe a deal was more likely to happen at Camp David?

Dulles had died

11

What happened at Camp David?

Built on their relationship
Agreed to hold a full summit in 1960
NO agreements made on Germany and disarmament

12

When was the Paris summit?

May 1960

13

Why were negotiations harder at Paris?

France and Germany put pressure on USA to adopt a harder line
China put pressure in USSR to adopt a harder line

14

Why did the summit collapse?

U-2 spy plane incident

15

When was the Vienna summit?

June 1961

16

Who was the USA President for the Vienna summit?

Kennedy

17

Why did Khrushchev take an aggressive stance in the Vienna summit?

He believed Kennedy could be exploited due to his inexperience.

18

What did Khrushchev do in the Vienna summit?

demanded the west should recognise the sovereign status of east Germany and the Berlin question should be settled on US terms within 6 months

19

When was the Indo-China War?

1946-54

20

What countries were part of Indo-China

Vietnam,Laos,Cambodia

21

What happened in the Indo-China war?

IndoChina had been a French colony since 1860
nationalist movement , Vietminh led by communist leader Ho Chi Minh fought against the French starting in 1949 (guerilla war)
defeated the French Garrison at Dien Bien Phu in 1954
French withdrew from indochina