The cold war begins 1946-47 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The cold war begins 1946-47 Deck (19):
1

When did Stalin state that he believed it was impossible fr the USA and USSR to work together?

9th February 1946

2

When was the long telegram?

February 22nd 1946

3

What was the long telegram?

Article by George Kenan - the deputy head of the US mission in Moscow
it said that the USSR was building its military power in order to spread communism

4

When was the Novikov telegram?

27th September 1946

5

What was the Novikov telegram?

Novikovs message to stalin
claimed that the USA were starting a propaganda campaign against the USSR

6

When was the Iran crisis?

1946

7

Who occupied Iran after world war 2?

north Iran - USSR
south Iran - Britain

8

What happened in the Iran crisis?

the USSR had agree to withdraw troops and handover north Iran to Britain by march 1946
USSR didn't withdraw
USA and Britain united to force the USSR to leave
led to a clear division in the grand alliance

9

When was the iron curtain speech?

march 1946

10

What was included in the iron curtain speech?

claimed that the USSR were increasing there sphere of influence to east
called on western nations to resist

11

When was the Truman doctrine?

March 1947

12

What did the Truman doctrine state?

The world had become divided between communism and democracy
The USA would fight for freedom wherever it was threatened
The USA would give economic and military aid to governments threatened by communism
communism should be contained

13

When was the Marshall plan introduced?

June 1947

14

How much did the USA spend on Marshall aid?

$13 billion

15

What was the USSR's response to Marshall aid and the Truman doctrine?

COMINFORM - communist information Bureau

16

When was the Molotov plan?

July 1947

17

What was the Molotov pan?

A series of mutual trading agreements between the USSR and eastern European states
formed the basis of COMECON

18

When was COMECON started?

1949

19

What countries participated in marshall aid?

Austria,Belgium,Denmark,France,Greece,Ireland,Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey,Britain, West Germany
16 countries