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Flashcards in The impact of economic factors Deck (17):
1

What caused the stagnant USSR economy?

high costs of the arms race
unrealistic production targets of the 5 year plans
inefficient central planning methods
inadequate technology and infrastructure
corruption within the soviet elite

2

What was the USSR annual growth rate for industrial output in 1967 and 1980?

1967 - 5.35%
1980 - 2%

3

What was the USSR average annual increase in national income between 1961 and 1975?

3.4%

4

What was the USSR average annual increase in national income between 1976 and 1990?

1.1%

5

What was the USSR annual growth rate for agricultural output in 1970 and 1980?

1970 - 3.7%
1980 - 0.8%

6

What percentage of soviet exports was oil in 1970 and 1984?

1970 - 15.6%
1984 - 54%

7

How much west Siberian oil was produced in 1970 and 1980?

1970 - 31 million tonnes
1980 - 312 million tonnes

8

Between 1980 and 1981 ho much did the price of oil fall by?

90%

9

When did the West start a technology embargo on the soviet bloc?

1950
wasn't lifted during détente

10

In the early 1980's how many pc's were in the USA and USSR?

USSR - 50 000
USA - 30 million

11

How much did the USSR provide Cuba in aid and oil subsidies?

$4billion

12

How much did the USSR provide Vietnam in aid and oil subsidies?

$6billion

13

How much did the Warsaw pact countries cost the USSR in subsidies each year?

$3billion

14

In the mid 1980's how much of GDP did the state budget was spent on defence?

40%
25% of GDP

15

US military spending

1948 - $94.7 billion
1955 - $344.5 billion
1970 - $346 billion
1990 - 358.7 billion

16

In 1989 what was the GDP of the USSR and USA ?

USSR - 2 659 500
USA - 5 233 300

17

In 1989 what was the population of the USSR and USA?

USSR - 291 million
USA 250 million