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Flashcards in Ping Pong diplomacy Deck (7):
1

Wwo had the USA backed in the Chinese civil war?

The nationalists

2

Chinese motives for a Sino-US relationship

Mao worried about a soviet nuclear strike
China had very few allies in 1969 - France,Pakistan and Albania
Mao hoped a relationship with the USA could be used to confront the USSR

3

USA motives for a Sino-US relationship

Nixon believed it would put pressure on the Vietcong to negotiate a peaceful settlement in Vietnam
Nixon wanted to exploit the Sino-Soviet split to put pressure on the USSR
needed new strategic alliances - the USA military was not as effective as they hoped
Would allow the USA to focus their entire nuclear arsenal on the USSR

4

What were the first steps towards a Sino-US alliance?

July 1969 - Nixon relaxes trade and travel restrictions with China and nixon begins a secret dialogue with Mao
April 1971 - Mao invites the US ping pong team to play an international match in China

5

When did Kissinger secretly visit China?

July 1971

6

What did the USA do in October 1971?

Backed China's entry into the UN

7

Why were negotiations kept secret?

National pride
Domestic opinion
Taiwan - USA had a long standing commitment to defend Taiwan against China