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Flashcards in Chapter 1 Test Deck (96):
1

who were the first people to arrive in the americas

the vikings

2

what are North America and Asia separated by

Bering Strait; a waterway off Alaska's west coast

3

how is the environment different throughout the north american regions

west coast is hot with surf- swept beached
the hot windy plains of the midwest and canada, and the rocky new england coast

4

who were the two northern peoples who lived on the coastal edges of north america

the inuit and aleut

5

what were the inuit and aleut skilled at

hunting on ice and snow, on shores and plains, in mild summers and bitter winters

6

nomadic

people who moved their homes regularly in search of food

7

what did nomadic people do for food

they hunted, fished, and gathered food I'm huge forests and along the shores of lakes and waterways of what is today canada and alaska

8

kingship

family relationships

9

clan

is made up of groups or families who are all descended from a common ancestor

10

what did native americans think about religion

they shared the belief that the most powerful forces in the world are spiritual

11

what did native americans believe would happen if they didn't follow the rituals

they believed that failure to perform these rituals caused disasters such as bad invasions, disease, or bad harvests

12

what did native americans rely on to keep their beliefs and customs alive

or history

13

oral history

the traditions passed from generation to generation by word of mouth

14

what did all native american groups do about trade

traded food or good within their group and outside it. they reader not only for items they needed or waned but also to show hospitality and friendliness

15

where were the native american trading routes

criss crossed north america

16

barter

trade

17

what was one thing that native americans never traded

land

18

why did the native americans never trade land

in their view, the land could not be owned. They thought that people had a right to use land and could grant others the right to us it to

19

how did the native americans make it to the americas

probably by following some buffalo or food source that led them to it

20

what were the major nations in western europe

great britain, spain, france, germany, portugual

21

what countries had contact with native americans

great britain, spain, france, portugual

22

when were the middle ages

500-1300 A.d

23

what does C.E mean

common era

24

what were the middle age invasions

franks
anglo saxons
germanic tribes
vikings

25

what was the economic system in in the middle ages

feudalism

26

what were the rankings in feudalism

lord
nobles
vassals
serfs

27

who was the ultimate ruler of the manor

the church

28

lords

self- sufficient
gave lands to nobles

29

vasasls

protected the nobles and lords

30

serfs

bound to the land
no rights
could not own anything
basically slaves

31

who created the protestant church

martin luther

32

what year did martin Luther create the protestant church

1517

33

what was martin luther creating that religion called

reformation

34

what was trade sparked by

the crusades

35

which explorer went over to china

marco polo

36

what was eventually developed into cities

trading routes

37

what lead to happen after marco polo exploration

cities
rise of monarchies
rise of universities
black death

38

cities

developed middle class
revived the economy
feudalism started to decline

39

rise of monarchs

were times when t they would fight; french and norman invasions

40

rise of universities

those who would attend would be nobilities sons, clergy members

41

black death

began in asia
was carried over by rats who were infected by fleas and other insects. The rats then gave them to the people

42

what does renaissance mean

rebirth

43

when was the renaissance

1300-15--

44

what did the renaissance bring to europe

unity and order

45

where did the renaissance begin

italy

46

patrons

someone who paid for things to be done

47

when were the golden ages of the renaissance

1400-1500

48

why was the golden age called that

was the best time to work
a lot of different art forms were developed during that time

49

what famous painting of Mary was painted

the pieta

50

what did the pieta show

the suffering of Mary

51

what is humanism

the showing of human emotion

52

what was one thing invented during the renaissance

the printing press

53

what did the printing press do

things that were written could be typed
made things a lot easier to write

54

which king wanted an annulment

king henry the 8th

55

why did that king want an annulment

his wife was not providing him with a son

56

who was the first country to go explore

portugual

57

what things were created in the exploration school

sextant and astrolabe

58

when was slavery introduced

1619

59

where did slavery enter the united states

jamestown

60

when was the benins created

1200's

61

what did the benins have a lot of

gold

62

what did the gold make them

very powerful

63

what did the benin trade the gold for

salt

64

why was salt important

it could preserve food

65

what was benin surrounded by

deep motes

66

what was benin ruled by

oba

67

how long was the mote

three miles long

68

what did the benin's produce

palm oil, ivory, and lumber

69

what decorated the city in benin

bronze plaques

70

what did the bronze plaques portray

showed their history,

71

who did the bronze plaques portray

portuguese people

72

what were houses made out of in benin

made od mud and palm leaves

73

what was the capital of benin

benin

74

who did the benins have a relationship with

the Portuguese

75

when did songhai happen

1492-1586

76

where was the sonhai located

located between the coastal rainforest and dry sahara

77

what was the sonhai

a muslim empire

78

who made monhai into a muslim empire

askia muhammad

79

what was the capital of sonhai

Timbuktu

80

did the songhai's partake in trade

yes it was very important to them

81

what did the Songhai trade

gold and ivory

82

what did the Songhai support

peace and education

83

how many schools did Songhai have

150

84

how would people get slave

would capture them and bring them over on ships and would auction them off

85

could someone be born into slavery

no they could not

86

what were the name of ships during the time

caravels

87

what did people put on the sales of the caravels

the emblem of the cross

88

what way did the portuguese go to find the indies

east

89

what way did Columbus go

west

90

what were the names of the ships that Columbus had

santa maria, pinta, nina

91

what did Columbus underestimate? what happened because of this

the size of the world. this made the voyage become longer so people began to worry and they were at a shortage of supplies

92

where did Columbus think he was

the indies

93

where really was Colmbus

bahamas

94

what happened when Colmbus came home

king ferdinad and and queen isabella noticed him and game him power

95

what happened with columbus power

it was revoked because he was to mean

96

what didn't Colmbbus know when he died

that he never really explored the indies