Washington Quiz; chapter 5.4 - 6.1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Washington Quiz; chapter 5.4 - 6.1 Deck (69):
1

how much debt did america have after the revolution

50 million dollars

2

how did the states feel about the need to pay for the debt

the southern states had already paid, so they did not want to have to again because the northern states did not

3

how did Hamilton get the southern states to agree to a tax

he said that they would put the capital in the southern states

4

tariff

tax placed on imported good

5

after the tariff what was the next tax

the whisky tax

6

what was the whisky tax

tax placed on the whisky that people were drinking

7

where was the capital

along the atomic river

8

who built the capital

benjamin benneker and Pierre Charles L'Enfant

9

what is whisky made from

corn and grains

10

interest

an extra sum of money that borrowers pay creditors in return for the loan

11

strict construction

government should not do anything that the constitution did not specifically say it could

12

loose construction

the constitution was only a loose framework of laws on which the government could build the nation as it saw fit

13

neutral

not taking either side

14

jays treaty

an agreement where Britain agreed to leave the forts it occupied in the Northwest territory

15

political party

a group of people who seek to win elections and hold public office in order to control government policy programs

16

inauguration

official swearing company

17

cabinet

group of federal leaders

18

domestic affairs

the country's internal maters, as opposed to foreign issues

19

administration

term of office

20

precedent

something done or said that become an example, rule, or tradition to be followed

21

how did Washington set a precedent for a respected government

he selected prominent americans to fill the new positions that he had. He himself was very respectful and though about each action he made before he made it

22

executive branch

the cabinet of people that he had appointed himself

23

secretary of state

Thomas Jefferson

24

treasury Secretary

Alexander Hamilton

25

where was the national capital in the first year of Washington's presidency

New York

26

where did the national capital go second

in 1790 it was moved to Philly

27

where did the national capital move to a third time

washington D.C; along the maryland-virginia border

28

what did the federal government do in response to the whiskey rebellion

they developed an army of over 2000 men and led them to the Pittsburg area. This showed their toughness that the government had and how committed they were to enforcing laws

29

who made most of the whisky

farmers did because it was easier than sending off the individual ingredients for other people to make when they could make them on their own right there

30

when was george washington born and where

february 22 1732 in virginia

31

why are there so many myths about him

there are not a lot of stories about his childhood so the stories that are made up are meant to illustrate the type of qualities that he had

32

when did Washington's formal education end

when he was 14 years old

33

when did Washington buy his first piece of land

when he was 18

34

what disease did Washington get and from where

small pox from Barbados

35

who was Washington's first love

Sally Farefax (don't think thats how you spell it but oh well)

36

who did Washington end up marrying

Martha Cuthis (again probably the wrong spelling)

37

where was Washington appointed to

the Virginia militia

38

when did Washington propose to Martha

after only 20 hours of knowing her

39

when did Washington and Martha get married

within a year of being engaged, even though they had only been in each others presence for a total of 15 days

40

when was Washington chosen to be President

when he was 57 years old

41

what did Washington do that other political leaders had never done before

freed slaves

42

how many terms did Washington serve for

two terms

43

what did Washington say about his third term

he had alexander Hamilton help him write his closing; in it it said his farewell and that he was not going to be running a for a third term

44

what are some myths about Washington

cutting down a cherry tree and that he could throw money across the Potomac River (which was over a mile)

45

who elected Washington as President

the electoral college duh

46

what side was Washington on

he did not believe in political parties

47

what side did Washington lean towards regarding political parties

leaned towards the federalists, a strong national government

48

when was Washington inaugurated

spring of 1789 (they used to do it in the spring before; unlike now where it is in January)

49

where was the capital at first

New York

50

where did the capital go after the first place

Philly

51

where did the capital go after the first two places

present day Washington D.C; along the Potomac River

52

cabinet

group of advisers

53

who makes up the executive branch

president
Vice President
Heads of all the departments (cabinet)

54

who was the secretary of state

Jefferson

55

why was he the secretary of state

was already the ambassador of France and had a good relation with foreign countries

56

who was the treasury secretary

alexander hamilton

57

who was the attorney general

Edmund Randolph

58

jefforsonian Republicans

opponent of the federalists as we go on

59

how many cabinet members did Washington have

5 members

60

henry knox

the secretary of war

61

what was john adams

a federalist

62

how did we develop the first bank of the united states

from the tariff

63

how did people feel about the first bank

some liked it and some did not like it; loose and strict construction

64

what did the elastic clause say about the loose and strict construction

that the strict construction was wrong because under the clause, the government can create laws whenever needed necessary

65

In terms of loose and strict construction, what side was Jefferson on

strict

66

In terms of loose and strict construction, what side was hamilton on

loose

67

who was the heated argument that happened between

jefferson and hamilton

68

what did jefferson end up doing because of the argument

since it was getting bad and personal between the two, Jefferson decided to resign

69

what years did Jefferson serve

1789-1796