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Flashcards in chapter 6 test Deck (91):
1

tariff

tax on foreign good imported into the country

2

interest

an etra sum of money that borrowers pay creditors in return for the loan

3

strict construction

jefferson favored this. the government should not do anything that the constitution did not specifically say to do.

4

loose construction

hamilton favored this. constitution is a loose framework of laws inn which the government could build the nation as it saw fit.

5

neutral

not taking either side

6

What did the people do in the whiskey rebellion?

rebels closed courts and attacked tax collectors

7

what did the whiskey rebellion show

that the new system of laws was going to be strictly enforced and that this was a new country that would be disciplined.

8

Jays treaty

when britain agreed to leave the forts occupied in the northwest territory

9

political party

group of people who seek to win elections and hold public office in order to control government policy and programs

10

XYZ affair

we went over its of times

11

alien act

the president gained the right to imprison or deport citizens of other countries residing in the United States

12

Sedition Act

anybody who wrote, published, or said anything "Of a false, scandalous, and malicious" nature against the american government or its officials could be fined or jailed

13

Virginia and Kentucky Resolutions

these resolution argued that the states had the right to judge wether federal states had the right to judge whether federal laws agreed with the constitution.

14

Nullification

if a state declared a law was unconstitutional it could delate that law "null and void" within the state

15

agenda

list of things that he wanted to accomplish

16

bureaucracy

the departments and workers that made up the federal government.

17

judicial review

this enables federal courts to review state laws and state court decisions to determine if they are in keeping with the federal constitution.

18

louisiana purchase

bought from napoleon for 15 million. this doubled the size of the US.

19

embargo

restricition on trade

20

treaty of greenville

treaty in which the indians lost two thirds of ohio

21

reservation

area that the federal government et aside for native americans who had lost their homelands.

22

assimilation

the process by which people of one culture merge into and become part of another culture.

23

impressment

the act of forcing people into military service

24

depression

severe economic downturn

25

What did hamilton fix

the debt

26

how did hamilton fix what he fixed

convinced the southerners to have the country take on the
of the individual states

27

what would taking on the debt of the states do

it would cause the creditors who invested in the states to care about our long term well being, no one would want something they put money into to collapse

28

what did hamilton put a tariff on

imported goods

29

was hamilton in favor of loose or strict construction

loose

30

did the federalist want the french revolution

no

31

what happened in jay treaty

brits had to move from forts in the northwest

32

what happened in the XYZ affair

ambassadors from our country went to french to meet the prime minister, there was a 250,000 dollar bribe and a 10 million dollar ransom to talk to the prime minister. when they returned they were grew ith cheers

33

what was the cause for the whiskey rebellion

tax was placed on whiskey

34

what happened after the tax on whiskey

there was a rebellion

35

what did the government do regarding the whiskey rebellion

they put a stop to it real quick bc they had the constitution and set of laws. they showed they would not put up with non sense and there new system of laws worked

36

did jefferson want to buy the lousiana purchase and why or why not

no bc he thought it was unconsitutional

37

what did he do that angered everyone

adopted ahmilton finance system

38

why did he nt enjoy his second term

bc he did a political 180 and gots lots of crap for it

39

jefferson thought they could do what about the outside world

ignore it

40

jefferson did wha things in his president, what did he shrink and repeal

alien and sedition acts, size of our army, and number of federal officers

41

what did the embargo act of 1807 do

eliminate trade iwht foreign ountires

42

which region dd the embargo act hurt the most

new england bruhhhhh

43

what led to the french revolution

the desire to have liberty, fraternity, and equality

44

instead of making fraternities or brotherhoods, what happened

terror and revolting

45

what did the french revolution to do americans

it divided us

46

hamiltons idea placed taxes on what

whiskey and tariff

47

what did the federalists think about the french revolution

they were against it bc they though it was an example of democratic revolution gone wrong

48

the jeffersonian republicans looked at the french revo as what

the american revolution

49

why did the US nt want to side with the brits during the french revo

bc france helped us in the revolution

50

why did the Us not want to side with the french during their revo

bc the brits controlled the wats

51

why side did the US take is the revo

nuetral

52

why did the whiskey rebellion occur

people wouldn't pay the whiskey tax

53

how did the government squash the whiskey rebellion beside using its laws?

they brought 12,000 men and killed the rebellion

54

the jeffersonian republicans who were the other political party belied what

they stood for a more democratic repbulic

55

what did the french deman of the american officals

bribe of $250,000 and a 10 million dollar loan the french before they met with the prime minister

56

what was the XYZ saying

millions for defense but no one cent for bribery

57

how did the republicans use the sedition acts?

to silence the republican opposition

58

why did adams put these into place

so he could get those that opposed him in trouble

59

wh made the kentucky and virginia resolution

jefferson and madison

60

what was gabriel prosser's rebellion

a slave in virginia rebelled

61

capping of 1800 was

nasty

62

jeff repub called adams

monarchist

63

feds called jefferson

godless man who would lead our country into chaos

64

jefferson won how

did not win electoral college but house of representatives voted him in

65

the election of 1800 did what for other countries

showed them that you could transfer power frequently

66

jefferson did what in his office

reversed lots of what adams did

67

what did jefferson reduce

amount of taxes paid and severely cut the size of the bureaucracy or the thing that make up the federal government

68

jefferson cut army to what

12,000 down to 3,000

69

during jefferson precedence burr was his what and hamilton was what

VP, and lawyer in NY

70

how did burr kill hamilton

one shit in a duel

71

after the killing of hamiton what happened to burr

wasn't tried but never became a threat to hamilton or preside over senate

72

what did the judiciary act of 1789 do

filled in the holes of the constitution regarding the judicial branch

73

the act of 1789 said what about he supreme court

it would settle differences between state and federal laws

74

the judiciary act of 1801 did what

decreased number of supreme court justices and increased number of federal judges

75

jefferson appointed who for the chief justice of supreme ecourt

john marshall

76

how did the marbury was madison case arise

when president jefferson tried to block the activities of federalist jduges

77

who was supposed to be justice for peace for district of columbia

william marbury

78

how come william marbury wasn't offical

bc secretary of state james madison under order from jefferson never gave marbury the papers making it official

79

marbury sued nd demnded what

the supreme court order the sec of take to let him take office

80

john marshall decided what on mrbury vs mad

voted against marbury saying it was uncositutional to give this case to the executive branch

81

what did the marbury vs mad case establish

judicial review

82

the french used the mississippi to do what

get lots of money from americans bc they had to choice but do go through their river

83

how did they get all of lousisna

napoleon wouldn't sell new orleasn but gave them all of lousiana

84

what were the reasons for the war of 1812

impressment, getting the ini dan to attack us, and interfering with shipping and trade

85

on land where did the US attack

british held canada

86

what was the hartford connection

when new englanders sent delegates to connecticut to possibly leave the nation

87

what was a result of the hartford convention

increased political power of new england

88

trey of ghent was...

treaty that ended the war of 1812

89

where was the treaty of ghent signed

belgium

90

what was restored in the treaty of ghent

the old boundaries between Us nd britain in north america

91

battle of new orleans happened when

two weeks after ghent was signed