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Flashcards in FINAL Deck (80):
1

louisiana purchase

paid 15 million for the big land in the middle of the country.

2

embargo

restriction on trade

3

jay's treaty

britain agreed to leave its forts that were occupied in the northwest territory

4

missouri compromise

missouri would be a free state as well as part of northern massachusetts became maine

5

significance war of 1812

british encouraged indians to attack us as well as committing the practice of impressment. these led us to want to attack

6

lewis and clark expedition

their expedition go them to the pacific ocean

7

significance of louisiana purchase

doubled the size of our country and concerned people bc we had never purchased foreign affairs before

8

significance of embargo act

stopped trade with britain and france. Angered new englanders would mostly made money through trade. this did not effect the british or french

9

significance of missouri compromise

states north of the 36, 30 border would be free and south of it would be slave. this caused major issues for years to come obviously

10

significance of jay's treaty

caused controversy because some thought the treaty contained no protection for american shipping while others felt it was a betrayal of revolutionary ideals, a sell out to the hated british

11

impressment

act of forcing people into military service

12

why the battle of new orleans happen

they signed the treaty of chant for peace two weeks before but news didn't reach the camps

13

in battle of new orleans what happened

british were cocky and attacked well positioned americans. the americans killed them in an hour casualties were 2,036 to 21 in favor of america

14

significance of lewis and clark

made contact and improved relations with native americans, and gathered information about the lands natural resources

15

republican virtues

things the new society would adapt

16

what are the republican virtues

sacrificing individual needs for the good of the community, self-reliance, industry, frugality, and harmony

17

significance of republican virtues

people started upholding these virtues and everything done in society was held to these standard, this was big for the women as far as them getting mad for these not being done to them

18

cotton gin

machine that separates the seeds from raw cotton fibers

19

how many effects did cotton gin have on the society

4

20

first effect of cotton gin

pound for pound of cotton skyrocketed, and with it then amount of cotton planted for harvest

21

2nd effect of cotton gin

became southern planters major crop bc it became so easy to produce

22

3rd effect of cotton gin

alabama, mississippi, louisiana, and texas became settled quickly because of people looking for land to grow cotton

23

4th effect of cotton gin

amount of slaves increased rapidly because of the need for people to work the rapidly growing cotton industry

24

turnpike

new roads made by companies that required you to pay a toll to use them. at points on the road they put up a gate to block the road for you to pay, hence turnpike when they let u through

25

significance of turnpike

changed travel for years

26

second great awakening

great religious movement of early 1800s

27

what sparked the second great awakening

pressures of a changing society

28

industrial revolution

beginning in britian in the late 1700s, to increase production by using powered sources other than humans or animals

29

trans appalachia

area west of the appalachian mountains

30

erie canal

canal in new york, completed in 1825 that linked the hudson river with lake erie

31

adams - onís treaty

1819 treaty between the US and spain in which spain gave florida to the US

32

revival

a gathering where people are "revived", or brought back to religious life

33

wilderness road

road built in the 1770s that became the main route across the appalachians

34

denomination

a religious branch such as catholicism

35

interchangeable parts

a system of manufacturing in which all parts are made to an exact standard for easy mass assembly

36

McCulloch vs Maryland

1819 case in which the supreme court ruled that congress has the authority to take actions necessary to fulfill its constitutional duties

37

labor union

organization of workers formed to protect the interest of its members

38

spoils system

system or practice of giving appointed offices as rewards from the successful party in an election; name for the patronage system under president jackson

39

secede

to withdraw formally from membership in a group or organization

40

indian removal act of 1830

1830 law calling for the forced movement of native americans to west of the mississippi

41

urban

relating to a city

42

free enterprise system

economic system in which companies compete for profits

43

market revolution

shift from a home-based economy to one based on money and the buying and selling of goods

44

industrialization

growth of industry

45

monroe doctrine

declaration by president monroe in 1823 that the united states would oppose efforts b any outside power to control a nation in the western hemisphere

46

emancipation

freeing of enslaved people

47

utopian community

a small society dedicated to perfection in social and political conditions

48

suffrage

the right to vote

49

temperance movement

an organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption

50

discrimination

unequal treatment of a group of people because of their nationality, race, sex, or religion

51

abolitionist movement

movement to end slavery

52

seneca falls convention

the first women's rights convention in US history held in 1848

53

naturalize

to apply for and be granted american citizenship

54

underground railroad

network of escape routes that provided protection and transportation for slaves fleeing north to freedom

55

gag rule

rule passed by the house in 1836 prohibiting antislavery petitions from being read or acted upon

56

presidio

fort built on southwest by spanish

57

annex

join or attach

58

great plains

vast grassland between the mississippi river and the rocky mountains

59

texas war for independence

successful revolt by texas against mexican rule

60

boom town

town that has experienced rapid growth

61

santa fe trail

trail linking independence missouri and santa fe new mexico in the mid 1800s

62

nomad

person who continually migrates instead of living permanety in one place

63

mountain man

an american fur trader who explored the rocky mountains and regions farther west in the early 1800's

64

gadsden purchase

1853 purchase by the united states of southwestern lands from mexico

65

battle of the alamo

capture by mexican troops of a texas held mission in san antonio in 1836

66

california gold rush

mass migration to california following the discovery of gold in 1848

67

oregon trail

trail linking independence missouri and oregon, used by many pioneers during the 1840s

68

manifest destiny

argument that the united states was destined to expand across north america

69

fugitive slave act

part of the compromise of 1850, a law ordering all citizens of the united states to assist in the return of slaves

70

nativism

movement to ensure that american born people get better treatment than immigrants

71

states' rights

theory that states have the right to nullify acts if the federal government and even to leave the union if they wish to do so

72

kansas - nebraska act

1854 law that called on citizens in each territory to decide the issue of slavery there

73

scott vs standford

1857 supreme court decision that declared slaves not to be citizens and overturned the Missouri compromise

74

free soiler

person dedicated to preventing the expansion of slavery into the western territories

75

border states

In the civil war, the states between the north and south; delaware, maryland, kentucky, and missouri

76

lower south

texas, luisianna, mississippi, alabama, florida, georgia, and south carolina

77

upper south

virginia, north carolina, tennessee, and arkansas

78

arsenal

place where weapons are made or stored

79

prejudice

an unreasonable, usually favorable opinion of another group

80

confederate states of america

association of seven seceding southern states, formed in 1861