chapter 10 sec 4 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 10 sec 4 Deck (41):
1

when did migration into western territories surge?

in the 1830s and 1840s

2

manifest destiny?

obvious or undeniable fate. it was their land given to them by God

3

how did texas encourage the US to accept them

partly to protect themselves from invasion by mexico

4

who supported texas annexation and why

southerns and democrats because there would be one more slave state that would sway the balance in the hosue

5

north and south feared what?

annexation would cause war with mexico

6

who started changing the minds of americans into annexing texas?

President James K. Polk

7

what were the rivers that mexico and the US fought over the land between

Rio grande and Nueces river

8

how much did polk offer mexico to buy California and new mexico?

30 mil

9

why did Mexico refuse to see John slidell the ambassador?

because mexico got news that the US wanted all their land in present day US

10

what did polk do to get the mexican to fight

brought 3,000 troops to the rio grande river and got the mexican to be angry and fight back

11

what did the invasion fight mean for polk?

he know had a reason to get congress to let him go to war with the mexicans

12

who were the main people in the bear flag revolt?

american settlers

13

in the bear flag revolt, who was the leader?

william B. Idle

14

what town did they attack in the bear flag revolt?

sonoma

15

what did the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo reflect?

mexicos weak bargaining position

16

what was the first thing mexico gave up in the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?

mexico gave up its claim to texas and said the rio grande was the border of the 2 countries

17

what was the second thing mexico gave up in the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?

new mexico and california, which made up of 2/5ths of their territory

18

what was the third thing mexico gave up in the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?

US paid mexico 15 million

19

what was the fourth thing mexico gave up in the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?

would pay claims by americans against mexico for 3 million

20

in total how much did they have to pay mexico and how much did they save

paid 18 million originally the us offered 30 so they saved 12 million

21

Gadsen purchase

when us bought arizona for 10 million dollars

22

WHAT DID THE LAND IN THE GADSEN OURCHASE do?

eventually provided a route for the souther transcontinental railroad

23

what was possibly the most important effect of the mexican american war?

it brought slavery to the forefront of attention

24

What did the wilmot proviso do?

stated that slavery would not be permitted in any of the states gained by Mexico because the power would shift and stuff

25

who founded the mormon relgiion

joseph smith

26

why did the mormons keep moving

because relation bore down with their neighbors

27

what propelled them to move west

the killing of smith and his brother

28

who ws the new mormon leader

brigham young

29

what did the new leader think

they should move out of the US but if they moved west they'd be far away from everybody

30

What sparked the gold rush

john sutters mill with gold

31

who were the people that went to get cold

mostly unmarried men

32

what did the gold rush to the native americans

it took them over and forced them to work for them

33

booms towns

when people who came to mine formed towns

34

ghost towns

when people left

35

why were ghost towns formed

bc when the mines went dry people left.

36

great plains

vast grassland that lies between the mississippi river and the rocky mountains

37

middlemen

brought items from one source and then sold them to others

38

secularized

it put them under the control of the state rather than the church.

39

mountain men

these hardy trapper were some of the toughest colorful characters in the country's history, typically doped indian ways and married indian women

40

trek

journey

41

pass

low spot in a mountain range