Flashcards in chapter 10 sec 4 Deck (41):
when did migration into western territories surge?
in the 1830s and 1840s
obvious or undeniable fate. it was their land given to them by God
how did texas encourage the US to accept them
partly to protect themselves from invasion by mexico
who supported texas annexation and why
southerns and democrats because there would be one more slave state that would sway the balance in the hosue
north and south feared what?
annexation would cause war with mexico
who started changing the minds of americans into annexing texas?
President James K. Polk
what were the rivers that mexico and the US fought over the land between
Rio grande and Nueces river
how much did polk offer mexico to buy California and new mexico?
why did Mexico refuse to see John slidell the ambassador?
because mexico got news that the US wanted all their land in present day US
what did polk do to get the mexican to fight
brought 3,000 troops to the rio grande river and got the mexican to be angry and fight back
what did the invasion fight mean for polk?
he know had a reason to get congress to let him go to war with the mexicans
who were the main people in the bear flag revolt?
in the bear flag revolt, who was the leader?
william B. Idle
what town did they attack in the bear flag revolt?
what did the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo reflect?
mexicos weak bargaining position
what was the first thing mexico gave up in the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?
mexico gave up its claim to texas and said the rio grande was the border of the 2 countries
what was the second thing mexico gave up in the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?
new mexico and california, which made up of 2/5ths of their territory
what was the third thing mexico gave up in the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?
US paid mexico 15 million
what was the fourth thing mexico gave up in the treaty of guadalupe hidalgo?
would pay claims by americans against mexico for 3 million
in total how much did they have to pay mexico and how much did they save
paid 18 million originally the us offered 30 so they saved 12 million
when us bought arizona for 10 million dollars
WHAT DID THE LAND IN THE GADSEN OURCHASE do?
eventually provided a route for the souther transcontinental railroad
what was possibly the most important effect of the mexican american war?
it brought slavery to the forefront of attention
What did the wilmot proviso do?
stated that slavery would not be permitted in any of the states gained by Mexico because the power would shift and stuff
who founded the mormon relgiion
why did the mormons keep moving
because relation bore down with their neighbors
what propelled them to move west
the killing of smith and his brother
who ws the new mormon leader
what did the new leader think
they should move out of the US but if they moved west they'd be far away from everybody
What sparked the gold rush
john sutters mill with gold
who were the people that went to get cold
mostly unmarried men
what did the gold rush to the native americans
it took them over and forced them to work for them
when people who came to mine formed towns
when people left
why were ghost towns formed
bc when the mines went dry people left.
vast grassland that lies between the mississippi river and the rocky mountains
brought items from one source and then sold them to others
it put them under the control of the state rather than the church.
these hardy trapper were some of the toughest colorful characters in the country's history, typically doped indian ways and married indian women