Jamestown Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Jamestown Quiz Deck (44):
1

privateer

also known as "sea dogs"; privately owned ships hired by a government to attack foreign ships

2

charter

certificate of permission

3

joint stock company

a company funded and run by a group of investors who share the company's profits and losses

4

royal colony

a governor appointed by the king

5

legislature

lawmaking assembly

6

house of burgesses

legislative made up of representatives from the colony

7

indentured servant

people who had to work for a master for a period of time, usually seven years, under a contract called an indenture

8

bacons rebellion

revolt in 1676 by Virginia's colonists against the royal governor

9

what challenges did they face in settling where they did

they were near a swamp which was infested with disease-bearing mosquitos; they settled near native americans which ended up being bad

10

what were the two civilizations that had a joint stock company

London company (Virginia company) plymouth company

11

what year did they come over

1607

12

how many men were there and how many ships did they take

144 and three ships

13

what were the three ships names

god sped
discover
susan constant

14

what was the tribe that was located just outside the settlers of jamestown

Powhatan

15

who was a famous powhatan

Pocahontas

16

who was the guy that saved everything for jamestown

john smith

17

what year did john smith come

1608

18

what were most of the settlers in jamestown interests

to find gold and get rich, not to do all the work that had to be done to be successful

19

what did john smith say about the people that only wanted gold

if they didn't build and work then they couldn't eat

20

what happened to smith

he got hurt in a gunpowder incident and was forced to go back to england

21

what happened when smith left

everything went back into chaos

22

what was 1609-1610 known as

the starving time

23

what were some of the things they had to eat in order to stay alive

snakes
boot leather
worms
rats
dug up corpses

24

who was smiths replacement

Lord de la Ware

25

how did de la ware come over

on the ship of about 60 men that was ran aground coming form england

26

what did de la ware come with

he came with supplies which helped the settlement stay on its feet

27

what did de la ware to do the people that were already there

he convinced them to stay because of the supplies that he brought

28

what was the major crop that the settlement had

tobacco

29

who brought over the tobacco and in what year

John Rolfe in 1612

30

what was needed for all the tobacco

a lot of land and workers

31

what did they do in order to get all of the land

they expanded westward into Virginia, and eastward down the james river

32

how were they able to get people to work on the land with tobacco

they developed the head right system

33

head right system

every person that went over to help was given 50 acres of land

34

what happened if the people that came over convinced others to come

the "add-ons" would get their own 50 acres of land and the person that convinced them to come would get an additional 50 acres for themselves;a total of 100 acres

35

what did England also send over to help the economy

other craftsmen to diversity the economy

36

what people were sent over and when

100 women and children in 1619

37

what was developed in 1619

the house of burgesses

38

what was the house of burgesses an example of

the first representative government in the America's

39

who also came over in 1619

african amerians

40

what were the africans known as at first

indentured servants; not slaves.... yet

41

how did the people farm all of their 50 acres

themselves along with the native americans that were forced to work

42

how did working the native americans work out

not good

43

why didn't the native americans work out

they were not used to the intense labor, the climate, and having to endure everything else that came with it

44

when it didn't work out with the native americans, what did they resort to

the africans; this was how slavery began in our country