Constitution Shit Flashcards Preview

EEP History > Constitution Shit > Flashcards

Flashcards in Constitution Shit Deck (43):
1

what did the articles of confederation lead to

the constitutional convention and the writing of the constitution itself

2

was the meeting supposed to public or secretive

secretive

3

why was the meeting supposed to be that way

they didn't want their to be an uproar or anything from the people because they disagreed with what the new articles would consist of

4

who was the virginia plan written by

Edmund Randolph

5

how many branches were there in the virginia plan

two branches (two houses)

6

what were the house(s) in the virginia plan

legislature/ senate

7

what was the voting system in the virginia plan

larger states would have more votes than the smaller states

8

what could the federal government do under the virginia plan

could tax and regular trade

9

New Jersey Plan

congress could tax and regulate trade/
would have three branches/
everyone would have an equal vote no matter what the size of the state was

10

Great Compromise

each state has an equal amount of votes in the senate, but the larger the state the more representatives you have in the house of representatives

11

3/5 compromise

3/5 of the amount of slaves there were would count for the states population

12

who wrote the New Jersey plan

william patterson

13

what does the beginning of the constitution called and what does it start with

the preamble,/
we the people

14

what do the beginning words of the constitution show

they are no longer separate states and are united and that they feel they are running the governmentt and aren't being controlled

15

what does article 2 talk about in the constitution

the executive branch

16

what does article 3 talk about in the constitution

the judicial branch

17

what does article 4 talk about in the constitution

relations among the states

18

what did article 5 talk about in the constitution

a change or amendment to the constitution

19

how many amendments have their been

27

20

what are the first ten amendments called

the bill of rights

21

what did article 6 talk about

how the nation or the constitution is the most important of the land/
national law supersedes state law, federal law

22

what did the 7th article of the constitution talk about

radical of the constitution

23

what is the US constitution

• The supreme law of the United States
• It is the foundation and source of the legal authority underlying the existence of the United States of America and the Federal Government of the United States
• It provides the framework for the organization of the united states government

24

what are the basic principles of the constitution

popular sovereignty/
limited government/
seperation of power/
federalism

25

popular sovereignty

governments power resides in the people

26

limited government

government is not all powerful, can only do what people let it

27

seperation of powers

helps prevent one branch from becoming too powerful/
checks and balances

28

federalism

division of powers among national and state government

29

what are the checks and balances

• Every branch has different things that they can do that each branch has equal power and that they do not have to much powers

30

how does the executive branch check on the judicial

• Grant reprieves and pardons
• Acquire judges to fill vacancies in the courts

31

how does the executive branch check on the legislative

• Authority is call special sessions of Congress
• President is Commander-in-chief
• Power to veto bills

32

how does the judicial branch check on the executive branch

• Interpret laws and Presidential actions
• Judges appointed by the President
• Serve for life

33

how does the judicial branch check on the legislative branch

• Interpret laws
• Determine constitution
• Serve for life

34

how does the legislative branch check on the judicial branch

• Power to institute new courts
• Authority to impeach
• Approve judicial appointments made by President

35

how does the legislative branch check on the executive branch

• Approve presidential appointments
• Authority to bring impeachments hearing
• Power to override presidential vetoes
• Control appropriations
• Ratify treaties
• Declare war

36

who wrote the constitution

James Madison

37

what is the first bill of right

the granting of freedoms; speech, religion, protests, and the freedom of the press

38

when was the constitution written

May 25th to september 17th, 1787

39

where was the constitution written

Philly

40

why was the constitution written

intention was to revise the articles of Confederation; ended up replacing them

41

what was the meeting for the constitution called

the constitutional convention

42

how many votes were needed to ratify or officiallly approve of the constitution before it went into effect

9/13

43

what two groups had a huge debate about everything

the federalists and the anti-federalists