Chapter 10 quiz Section 1, 2, 3, Flashcards Preview

EEP History > Chapter 10 quiz Section 1, 2, 3, > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 10 quiz Section 1, 2, 3, Deck (68):
1

presidio

forts

2

secularize

to put under the control of the state rather than the church

3

santa fe trail

trail that linked Independence, Missouri, and Santa Fe, New Mexico

4

Texas War for Independence

when independence-minded settlers clashed with Mexican troops

5

battle of the Alamo

a 13 day battle; see other cards

6

why did the settlers in Texas want independence from Mexico

because they wanted a self-government and to be on their own

7

important changes in California

missions and presidios were placed along the rugged California/
Local indian groups became apart of Spanish Culture/
Trade became a major part of California under Serra

8

important changes in New Mexico

• Because of long stretches of peace, the population increased dramatically
• Because of the population increase, trade increased as well
• Women gained a great deal of independence

9

what were the rights that women gained

able to run businesses, divorce their husbands, own property, and sue in courts of law

10

important changes in Texas

• As Texas became more “popular” to people, more and more people began to immigrate there
 This led to Mexico prohibiting any more Americans to settle there.
 Also outlawed the importation of slaves
• Texas wanted to become more independent so they started to put up a fight against Mexico

11

in 1821, how many Tejanos lived in Texas

4,000

12

what are Tejanos

people of spanish heritage who consider Texas their home

13

who was moses austin

an american, given permission by the Spanish government to start a colony in Texas

14

when did Moses Austin die

1821, his son then took over

15

what was Moses Austin sons name

Stephen

16

what did the mexican government tell Stephen his settlers would have to do

would have to become Mexican citizens and members of the Roman Catholic Church, and learn Spanish

17

between 1821 and 1827, Austin attracted how many families

297

18

by 1830 what was the population and what was the American to Tejano ratio

30,000 and six to one

19

when did the mexican government outlaw slavery

1829

20

what did the mexican government do in 1829

closed the state to further American immigration

21

what did texans have to do for the first time

start paying taxes

22

who was the mexican president

General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna

23

what did the mexican president do

sent more troops to Texas

24

how did texas feel about more troops being sent

started talk about breaking away

25

what happened to Stephen Austin

he was put in jail

26

what did people do about the jailing

texans revolted for 13 days

27

How many troops did Santa Anna lead to Texas to put down the revolt

6,000

28

what was the first battle between the Texans and the Mexicans

the Alamo

29

what was the alamo

old mission that was used as a fort

30

how many texans were there guarding the alamo

183

31

how many men did the mexican army have

1,800

32

how long did the Texans hold the Alamo

12 days

33

what happened on the 13th day

Santa Anna ordered his men to storm the fortress

34

how many texans survived

5; they were then killed

35

what happened at Golidad

Santa Anna had over 300 more Texans executed

36

How many troops did Texas General, Sam Houston, gather

800 in all

37

what did the 800 men include

Tejanos, American Settlers, volunteers from the United States, and many free and enslaved African Americans

38

where did they meet Santa Anna

San Jacinto

39

what was the battle cry

remember the Alamo

40

how long did the battle at San Jacinto last for

18 minutes; more than half the Mexican army was killed

41

what happened at the end of the battle

Santa Anna was forced to sign a treaty giving Texas its freedom. With the battle of San Jacinto, Texas was not an independent country

42

where is oregon located

the northwest region

43

who was oregon originally owned by

U.S, Spain, Great Britain, Russia

44

who owned oregon in 1818

United States and Great Britain

45

what were the four groups of people that lived in oregon

New england Merchants/
Mountain Men/
Missionaries/
Pioneers

46

when did the new england merchants come

1700's

47

how did new england merchants get to oregon

would get on ships here in the northeast and would travel south around the united states, up the coast of California until they got there

48

what were New England Merchants

traders; would trade fur

49

who would trade be with

the natives

50

when did the mountain men come

1800-1820

51

who were two famous mountain men

Jedediah Smith, James Beckwourth

52

what did the mountain men do

roamed the rocky mountain in search of trade with the native americans

53

what did the mountain men do with the native americans besides trade

eventually intermarried with he Native Americans and adapted Indian customs

54

when did the missionaries come

1830's

55

Who was a famous missionary

Jason Lee

56

why did the missionaries go to Oregon

did not go for the fertile land or any of that; went to spread his religion to the Native Americans

57

who else went with Jason Lee

four other presbyterian went with him and tried as well

58

what was signed in 1846 and what did it do

a treaty between the U.S and Great Britain, making the 49th parallel, the border between the united States and Great Britain

59

what began to spread to people in the Northeast

the idea that land was available in Oregon

60

how far was it from independence, Missouri and Great Britain

2000 miles

61

what was the oregon trail

the trail that people took to get to Oregon duh

62

how did the native Americans effect travel on the trail

they would help the pioneers and others that went with any problems they had

63

how long was the journey

4-6 months

64

how many people died on the path

about 20,000

65

what did people die from

dysentery and cholera

66

how much did people have to pay to go on the trip

500-1000

67

what did about half the people do after leaving

turned around and went back home

68

by 1845 how many americans had migrated to Oregon

5,000