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Flashcards in chapter 9 sec 1+2 Deck (47):
1

Transcendentalism

taught that the process of spiritual discovery and insight would lead person to truths more profound than he or she could reach through reason

2

temperance movement

an organized campaign to eliminate alcohol consumption

3

abstinence

to do without

4

utopian communities

small societies dedicated to perfection in social and political conditions

5

segregated

or separated according to race

6

abolitionist movement

movement to end slavery

7

emancipation movement

or freeing of enslaved persons

8

Underground railroad

a network of escape routes that provided protection and transportation for slaves feeling north to freedom

9

gag rule

congress succedded in passing this rule which for the next eight years prohibited antislavery petitions from being read or acted upon in the House

10

what started the reform movements

the second great awakening and transcendentalism

11

the reform movement was largely rooted in what?

religious fatih

12

what was the puritan belief

that God predetermined lives and placed them in rigid social ranks

13

the reforms rejected what idea

puritn belief

14

what did the reformers believe?

God was all powerful and allowed people to make their own destinies.

15

who was Charles Grandison Finney

lawyer from new york, he was the centralist figure in the revivalist movement

16

what did Charles Grandison Finney do?

he became a presbyterian minister and spoke to audiences like he did juries, with passion and fire

17

who was lyman beecher

major revivalist from new england who wanted to evangelize west, 13 kids

18

who are the three of beeches kids that are famous

henry ward beecher, harriet beecher stowe, and catherine beecher

19

who is henry ward beecher?

famous preacher and lecturer

20

who is harriet beecher stowe?

famous antislavery activist

21

who is catherine beecher

key figure in women's education

22

raplh waldo emerson was what?

leader of transcendentalism movement

23

what did emerson do after his wife died?

started a writing career that became known as an american renaissance in literature.

24

henry David thoreau

a focmous trnscendentlis as well, wrote walden

25

what was the book walden

a book about henry davids experiment of living alobein the woodland thinking

26

why did people want to get rid of alcohol especially women

because it made them act out in ways they normally would and women saw it as a threat to their families because of abuse and the like

27

what was one big issues in reform

schooling

28

why did people want good schools

society could not be run if people were not informed voters and morally upright citizens

29

what did Horace Mann believe

that every man had a right to an education

30

why did people not like the school idea

becuas sit raised taxes especially the people who either did not have kids or had kids in public schools, they did not like it

31

what did Mnn do to better schools

he instituted grade level so kids could learn better, installed a curriculum, and had better teacher training

32

what did public schools do in mans day?

teach kid show to behave, stand up straight, wait their turn, basically how to be a proper person

33

who was dorthea dix?

she was a person who went around and saw prisons were terrible and ended reform

34

what did Dix find about prisons

nobody from little felonies to people with muser charges were put together, mentally ill could not recover

35

dix wnated reform but had a lawyer friend do it why

because she was a women

36

what did dix's reform do

they created separate institutions for the mentally ill so they could recover and they split up hard criminals vs soft ones

37

what was one of th emost famous utopian societies?

New Harmony in indiana

38

why was a utopian society doomed from the start

it was natural for people to have different point of views and argue, people got lazy and selfish

39

david walker?

free black man who would take clothes of sailors put pamphlet in about antislavery, and sell them to other sailors

40

david walker was considered what

a hero of the abolitionist movement

41

what was one of the ways people thought slavery could end??

recolonizatin

42

what is recolonization

sending the blacks back to africa because they would not be able to acimihlate into our culture.

43

what is one example of an antislavery news paper

The Liberator

44

who was the liberator published by

william lloyd garrison

45

what did willis garrison found

the american antislavery society

46

how many people were in garrisons society

roughly 150,000 and handed out more than 1 million pamphlets a year

47

frederick dougles

nations most influential african american abolitionist. spoke at antislavery conventions, ambassador to abraham, more in book