chapter 8 quiz sec 4,5 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 8 quiz sec 4,5 Deck (43):
1

when was jackson elected president

1829

2

how did he get the scare on his face

when the british came into his home he refused to shine their boots and they slashed him with their sabre

3

what was his personality

tough stubborn, strong willed, determined

4

what was the changes jackson signaled in american politics

growing power of west, start of new area in american democracy bc he came through by a wave of popular support

5

where did jackson support come from

new less wealthy supporters

6

why were there so many new voters?

bc a law was passed saying all whit men could vote not just land owners

7

patronage

when newly elected officials gave government jobs to friends and supporters

8

spoils system

became famous under jackson, the loot taken from a conquered enemy, were jobs for party supporters

9

how many people did jackson fire when he got office

200

10

what did jackson argue for the spoil system

that rotation in office would prevent a small group from controlling the government

11

what type of self government did he believe in

limited government

12

tariff of 1828

heavy tax on imported good to encourage american manufacturing and discourage foreign imports

13

why was their anger about the tariff of 1828

it gave the north more money bc people had to buy from them and hurt the south because they lost lots of important imports

14

tariff of abominations

the tariff of 1828, abominations means terrible

15

south carolina did what because of the tariff of 1828

come out and say states had the right to judge when the federal government had exceeded its authority and states could nullify or reject, federal laws they judged to be unconstitutional

16

secede

withdraw

17

1833 what bill was passed to make SC stop

force bill

18

if Sc didn't cooperate what would jackson have done

sent 50,000 troops to enforce the law

19

who made the compromise for SC

henry clay

20

what did the compromise involving SC say

receded some import duties

21

what were the five indian tribes in the way of the land

cherokee, seminole, chickasaw, creek, Choctaw

22

1830 congrass passed what act to move indians

indian removal act

23

why did they move the indians

their land was valuable for making cotton and the was rumor to be gold there

24

why was the trail of tears

when indians cherokee were forced to move and on their journey 1 in 4 of the idnains died

25

how did the cherokee fight the inidna removal act

they went to court nd john marshall ruled in favor of them

26

jackson believed what about the indians

they could not assimilate with whites

27

jackson believed what about the US bank

it was a monster

28

read about BANK WAR in book mad hard to explain

MAY 2!!!!!!

29

during the 1820s what happened

people started thinking of themselves as part of a country not a state

30

bc of the shift in 1802s what did the american leaders try to do

exercise the powers of the federal government

31

McCulloch v MAryland

joh marshal ruled that congress had authority to charter the bank

32

marshal said what about the powers of the federal government

they were greater than listed in the constitution

33

arshal reffered to what part of the constitution in regards t making a nation bank

article 1 sec 8

34

mcculoch v maryland issues

does the government have the power to build national bank and do the states have the right to tax institutions created by the federal government

35

mcculoch v maryland outcome

1. reinforced the the doctrine of implied powers and 2. the principe of the of the national government over state governments

36

dartmouth college v woodward

said new hampshire could not change the charter of dartmouth college. states cannot interfere in such contracts

37

monroe doctrine

policy on foreign matters

38

how many parts of monroe doctrine

four

39

1st doctrine of monore

don't get involved with european countries affairs or take sides

40

2nd doctrine of monroe

states recognized the existing colonies and states in the western hemisphere and would not interfere with them

41

3rd doctrine of monroe

the US would not permit any further colonization of the western hemispehre

42

4th doctrine of monroe

any attempt by a european power to control any nation in the weternhemispere would be viewed as hostile action toward US

43

nationalism

improvement of country as a whole