The French and Indian War Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in The French and Indian War Quiz Deck (55):
1

where were the British moving west into

the Ohio valley

2

what rivers met at the forks of Ohio

Ohio iver, susquehanna river, and the monongahela

3

why was the Ohio valleyed important in controlling it

has control of the fur trade

4

when was the war

1754-1763; known as the nine years war

5

what was going on in europe during this time

also in a war; French and England (1756-1763; known as the seven years war)

6

when do we begin to George Washington's involvement in the war

may 1754

7

who sent washington to Pennsylvania

VA governor Dinwiddle

8

where in Penn. was Washington sent to and why

Ohio valley/
to get control of that area for the British

9

what happened with Washington's plan

when he gets there he ambushes a small detachment of French soldiers, wins, and builds a fort. Once he built it the french came over and took it over; Washington got the loss and went home in disgrace

10

what was the name of the fort that Washington built after surrounding and beating the french

fort necessity

11

at this time, where are all the british colonies located

New France

12

where is new france

along the st. lawrence river and parts of the Mississippi river

13

what happened when the british would get land

set up cities and cleared the land for farming

14

what happened when the french got land

they set up forts and quickly got involved in the fur trade with the Native Americans; they had a good relationship with them

15

what did Benjamin Franklin do and in what year

may 1754/
a cartoon or picture that symbolized the colonies and their plan

16

what was the picture of

a snake; it was divided into different parts, all symbolizing the colonies

17

what was the saying that was with picture

join or die

18

what colony was not included in the snake and why

georgia; no one knows why

19

where was the snake "posted"

the Pennsylvania Gizzett

20

what was Ben Franklin trying to do with the snake

show his Albany plan of union

21

what was the Albany plan of union

was to hopefully unite with the Iroquois Indians into some sort of union to fight in this French and Indian war

22

how did people feel about the Albany plan of union

the delegates that franklin had for all of the colonies, along with the president general pointed by the crown, approved his idea/
when he got home the colonies did not approve it

23

why did the colonies not approve it

they did not like it because they didn't think that someone should have that much power

24

what did the Albany plan of union act as in present day

was the first example or model for later government

25

how did the british fare at the beginning of the war

at first, the war went very badly for them

26

what happened on July 9th 1755

there was a battle between the French and Native americans against the british soldiers (battle was 3 hours long)

27

how many soldiers did the french and native americans have

900

28

how many soldiers did the british soldiers have

1500 soldiers and 450 militia

29

where was the battle on july 9th 1755

Fort Duquesne

30

who ended up winning the battle at Fort duquesne

the french end up defeating the british

31

who fought in a guerrilla warfare

french and native americans

32

what is a guerrilla warfare

hit and run tactics ; would hide behind trees and other things and be sneaky and quick

33

who was the general for the british and what happened to him

Edward Braddock; ended up dying

34

what did the british do with the body of their general

they feared to bury him nearby because they thought that the french would dig it up and take it to desecrate it; because of all this they end up burying him in the road because they didn't think that the french would look there

35

what did william pitt do and in what year

took over control of the war

36

who was william pitt

secretary of state for britain

37

what did william pitt do to the colonists

forcibly enlist colonists to fight in the war

38

what happened with william pitt and the colonies i 1758

things are beginning to change, going to start to reimburse the colonies for all the supplies that were taken by the british for the war

39

what fort did the british take in 1758

fort lewisburg

40

what was the pace that the british wanted to capture themost

quebec

41

how did the british get control of quebec (siege of quebec)

they had 9000 troops/
come from the st. lawrence river and going to situate themselves at the bottom of quebec/
they realize that there is a little pathway that would lead up behind the city of quebec behind enemy lines/
wolfe took half his men/ surprised the french; ended up being heavy casualties (both commanders die in battle)/
british would end up winning

42

who was the general of the british during the siege

general wolfe

43

who was the commander of the french during the siege

general montecalm (?)

44

how many troops did the french have during the siege

7500

45

what do the british do in the following years after the siege

they are going down the river and taking over the cities that they encounter on the way; they are taking over al of the french forts and end up winning the war

46

when is a war really over

when the treaty is signed

47

when was the treaty signed and where

1763 in paris

48

who attended the treaty meeting

france, great britain, spain (frances ally)

49

what did the british get with the win

got control of new france, canada
fur trade
mississippi river
all colonies east of the mississippi

50

what was the only colony that the british didn't get in the treaty

new orleans

51

why did the british get the certain colony in the treaty

it was owned by the french and eventually they ended up giving it to spain

52

why did the french end up giving spain that colony

france signed a secret treaty with spain saying that it would be theirs

53

what did britain return to spain in exchange for florida

cuba

54

how much of florida did britian get

not all of it; only eastern part of it

55

when did the british get all of florida

not until treaty in 1818