chapter 3 sec 1+2 quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 3 sec 1+2 quiz Deck (37):
1

mercantilism

a theory that a country should try to get and keep as much bullion, or gold and silver, as possible

2

balance of trade

the difference in value between imports and exports

3

duty

tax

4

salutary neglect

british colony policy during the early 1700's

5

staple crop

crops that in constant demand

6

triangular trade

between the three points of the Americas, Europe, and Africa

7

what was the british governments policy towards the colonies after the rule of king James II had ended

they developed a self government. This meant, there were governors appointed by the king. These governors had a great amount of power, being able to call all of the meetings, veto laws that the legislature passed, and could appoint local officials.

8

what were the causes of Englands policy of salutary neglect towards its colonies

long tradition of strong local government and weak central government/
british government lacked the resources and the bureaucracy to enforce its wishes/
colonists recognized the authority of the king and Parliament without being forced to/
britain allowed its colonies freedom because the existing economy and politics of the colonist already served British interests

9

what were the effects of Englands policy of salutary neglect towards its colonies

colonies prospered/
trade with Britain prospered/
without much government interference

10

when was there a civil war in england

1640-1660

11

what was the civil war about

Charles I and Parliament were fighting; charles wanted to limit the power that parliament had

12

who was the leader of parliament

oliver cromwell

13

who was executed

Charles I

14

how was he executed

beheading

15

who came to be in charge after the execution

Charles II

16

what was the glorious revolution

when william and mary came to the throne and had a big theory

17

when was the glorious revolution

1688

18

what was the theory english and european countries used in order to gain wealth

mercantilism (already know definition)

19

what did they have to do in order for the theory to work

they needed to export more goods than they imported; if they did this they would have a balance of trade

20

what was the salutary neglect

british colony policy during the early 1700's

21

what was the navigation acts and what ear did it begin

system where countries could only trade certain crops to england, and 1660

22

what were the crops they could trade with englnad

sugar
tobacco
cotton

23

what would have to happen if they wanted to sell anything to people in other parts of the world

they had to sail their ships into england and from there pay a tax on everything; also had to sail in english ships

24

what colony was the most diverse

middle colonies

25

what could the middle colonies do

farm and trade very well

26

new england info

trade was very important/
had farms but they didn't make that much money/

27

middle colonies info

farming and trade

28

southern colonies

staple crops

29

what was north carolina and maryland's staple crop

tobacco

30

south carolina staple crop

rice

31

georgia staple crops

rice and eventually cotton

32

what was the major ethnicity in all the colonies

english by far; almost 50%

33

gentry:

wealthy people who set themselves apart by their clothing/
most important member of colonial society/
socialized with people of their class/
tried to impress others by having mansions and townhouses built/
sent sons to expensive schools/
taught daughters how to manage a household/
were often lawyers, planters or merchants

34

artisans

apprenticeship and all that jazzy stuff

35

farmers and fishermen

farm sizes would carry depending on where it was/
new england farmers had a reputation for being tough, thrifty, and conservative/
fishing quickly became a main industry/
new england is a self-sufficient farmer/
promoted growth and shipbuilding .
people would fish if they didn't have enough money

36

indentured servants

7 year thang and all dat junc/
in exchange for the work masters had to pay for travel costs/
masters had total authority/
those who served their time were granted their freedom and in some cases a piece of land

37

women

had a lot of household duties; cooking, gardening, washing, cleaning, weaving cloth and sewing/
no rights/
could not vote until 1920/
married women could no own property/
if marriage didn't work out then the father would get the kids/
it was legal to hit your wife