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Flashcards in Chapter 2 Test Deck (69):
1

Hidalgos

young adventurous spanish gentlemen

2

conquistadors

spanish conquerers

3

Isthmus?

narrow strip of land that joins two larger land areas

4

Mestizos

spanish for mixed

5

colonies

areas settled by immigrants who continue to be ruled by their parent colony

6

Presidios

spanish settlements that eventually dotted the South and West were forts

7

missions

missionaries go and preach

8

Pueblo Revolt of 1680

spanish started taking over and the people revolted and killed many leaders and spanish people and hurt the population of the spanish

9

charter

certificate of permission

10

joint stock company

invest and share the gains and loses of the company

11

indentured servants

people that come over and as a result owe around 7 years of service to a master

12

Bacon's rebellion

raised an army to fight the native americans but when governor william berkley was angry he turned it around on him

13

New england colonies

new england states

14

Pilgrims?

a group of separatists

15

puritans?

wanted purer church and type of worship

16

persectued

attacked for their beliefs

17

mayflower compact

pilgrims made settlers sign saying they would not leave the colony

18

Great Migration

settlers came from all aroun, and massachusetts colony had 16,oo people among 20 towns and capital was boston

19

religious tolerance

the idea that people of different religions could live in peace

20

salem witch trials,

took notes

21

Sachem?

native american leader

22

Pequot war?

took down a pequot fort killing over 500 people inside, went on to capture and kill any others.

23

mIddle cOlonies?

new york, new jersey, Pennsylvania, and delaware

24

diversity

variety of people

25

synagogue

jewish house of worship

26

proprietary colony

colony granted by a king or queen to an individual or group that has full governing rights

27

Quakers

members of a protestant group that had suffered persecution in england, believed people should be treated as equals

28

haven

safe place

29

southern colonies

maryland, carolinas and georgia

30

trustees

someone entrusted to look after a business

31

Mass Plymouth, Bay colony

1630,

32

NEw Hampshire

1623,

33

who was mass plymouth, and mass bay led by

willim bradford, john winthrop

34

what was mass plymouth and mass bay economic activities?

fishing, lumber, shipbuilding, triangular trade, rum, whaling

35

What was the reason from mass plymouth and mass bay

1. escape religious persecution. 2. establish a puritan commonwealth, fishing, lumber, shipbuilding, triangular trade, rum, whaling

36

NEW hampshire

1623

37

why was new hampshire settled?

profit from trade nd fishin

38

who were new hams leaders

benning wentworth and john wentworth

39

what were their economic activities

trade,fishing

40

When was Connecticut settled

1636

41

Why was CT settled

establish a puritan settlement and establish a fur trade route

42

WHO WERE CT leaders

thomas hooker

43

what was CT economic activities

triangular trade

44

Rhode island settled in

1636

45

Y was RI settled

escape religious intolerance of MASS BAY

46

what was ri economic activities

shipping, livestock, agriculture

47

New York?

1626

48

Ny settled bc

they wanted to expand

49

leaders of NY

James of New york,

50

Ny eonomic activities

wheat, milling, lumber, furs, sugar refining, distilling, shipbuilding, trade

51

DElaware

1638

52

why did they settle delaware

trade

53

who was delaware leaders

john pritz/william penn

54

what was delawares economic activities

trade and farming

55

New Jersey?

1664

56

Why did they settle NJ

trading post, refuge for quakers from england.

57

NJ leaders

john berkley and john cartet

58

why was NJ economic activities

trade and farming

59

Pennsylvania

1681 called this bc it meant penns wood after william penn

60

why did they establish PA

estabish a quaker colony, tolerance of religion

61

what was PA economic activity

trade, farming

62

Maryland settled in?

1634

63

Maryland settled bc

to establish a catholic settlement; escape religious persecution

64

MD leaders

george calvert(lord baltimore)

65

MD economic activities

tobacco

66

Virginia settled in

1607

67

why did they settle VA

ssearch for gold, english outpost against spain

68

VA LEADERS

john smith, john rolfe, thomas dale

69

VA economic activities

tobacco