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Flashcards in OTHER constitution shit Deck (75):
1

Who is the "father of the Constitution"?

James Madison

2

The essays urging ratification during the New York ratification debates were known as...

The Federalist Papers

3

Name two authors of "The Federalist Papers".

Alexander Hamilton and James Madison


4

How many states were required to ratify the Constitution before it could go into effect?

Nine.

5

Which were the last two states to ratify (after the new government had already begun to function)?

North Carolina and Rhode Island

6

How often is the number of congressional districts per state determined?

Every ten years

7

According to Article I, Section 2, of the Constitution, how were slaves to be counted when determining the number of congressional districts per state?

As 3/5ths of a person

8

Who has the sole power of impeachment?

The House of Representatives

9

Who has the sole power to try officials who have been impeached?

The Senate

10

When the president of the U.S. is tried for impeachment, who presides at the trial?

The Chief Justice of the Supreme Court

11

According to the Constitution, a writ of habeas corpus may not be suspended except under what conditions?

Rebellion or invasion

12

The first article of the Constitution places limits on the states. Name one.

Cannot make treaties

13

Name two congressional limits on the President according to the Constitution.

- Treaties must be approved by the Senate
- Presidential appointments must be approved by the Senate

14

Which article of the Constitution defines the powers of the President?

article II, Section 2

15

For what office mentioned in the Constitution must a person be a natural-born citizen?

The President

16

Name three powers of the President as stated in the Constitution.

- Commander and chief of the military
- Can appoint the heads of departments
- Can pardon anyone convicted of a federal crime

17

Which branch(es) of the federal government is responsible for establishing lower federal courts?

Congress

18

What is the Vice-President's only constitutional responsibility?

Being the president of the Senate

19

What is the only condition specified by the Constitution concerning the nature of state governments?

They must be republican forms of government

20

What is the only crime defined by the Constitution?

Treason

21

What does the Constitution require to convict a person of treason?

Witnesses of the act or a confession in a public court

22

How does Article VI of the Constitution resolve possible conflicts between state laws and federal laws?

Federal laws overrule state laws

23

What does Article VI say about administering religious tests to candidates for public office?

There shall be none.

24

When is it possible for a constitutional convention such as the Convention of 1789 to occur?

Whenever 2/3 of the state legislatures request a convention.

25

Can the president introduce, ratify, or veto a constitutional amendment?

No

26

What are the first ten amendments to the Constitution called?

The Bill of Rights

27

There are five basic rights mentioned in the First Amendment. Name three.

There are five basic rights mentioned in the First Amendment. Name three. - Freedom of religion
- Freedom of speech
- Freedom of the press

28

Name five of the rights guaranteed to all citizens in the Bill of Rights.

The right to...
- Keep and bear arms
- Freedom from search and seizure
- Trial by jury
- A speedy trial
- No cruel or unusual punishment

29

What does the tenth amendment say about the delegation of powers to the states?

It grants the states all of the powers that aren't granted to the federal government in the constitution.

30

Which amendment established the federal income tax?

The 16th amendment

31

The Nineteenth Amendment, which gave women the right to vote, passed in what year?

1920

32

People who fought for the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment were called...

Suffragettes

33

According to the Twentieth Amendment, if the President-elect dies before the beginning of his/her term, who becomes President?

The vice President-elect

34

Name the only amendment that specifically repeals another amendment?

The 21st amendment repeals the 18th amendment

35

What was the purpose of the most recent amendment to the Constitution?

To prevent congress members from voting to directly increase their own salary.

36

The argument that "anyone old enough to fight for his country, is old enough to vote" secured passage of what amendment?

The 26th amendment

37

What is the term (number of years) served by a member of the House of Representatives?

2 years

38

What is the term served by a member of the Senate?

6 years

39

What is the minimum age for a Representative?

25 years old

40

What is the minimum age for a Senator?

30 years old

41

What is the minimum age for a President?

35 years old

42

Which amendment banned slavery?

Which amendment banned slavery?

43

Which amendment declared all persons born or naturalized in the U.S. to be citizens?

14th amendment

44

Which amendment established due process and equal protection under the law?

5th amendment

45

Which amendment established suffrage for black Americans?

15th amendment

46

What is the exception to the Thirteenth Amendment's abolition of involuntary servitude?

Criminal punishment after one is convicted

47

The Twenty-fifth Amendment says a president unable to discharge the powers of his/her office must declare this in writing to two people. Who are they?

- The president pro-tempore of the Senate
- The speaker of the house

48

Which branch of government is given constitutional responsibility for regulation of trade?

congress

49

federalism

powers divided into two

50

what are the two powers that federalism is divided into

state and national government

51

concurrent

means that the states and the federal government have the same power

52

what is the shared power within the concurrent

tax
make laws
court system

53

reserve

powers reserved for the federal government

54

what are the powers within the reserve

punishment of crimes
declare war

55

what is the delegated stuff

it is to the states;/
each state has their own educational system/ economic system/
postal system

56

where is the elastic clause

article 1 section 8 clause 18

57

what is the elastic clause

to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper for carrying into election the foregoing powers, and all other powers vested by this Constitution in the government of the United States, or in any department or officer thereof

58

who were some of the federalists

james madison
george washington
alexander hamilton

59

what did the federalists want

a strong national government

60

what did the anti-federalists fear

feared a strong national government; wanted the states to have more power (the opposite of the federalists)

61

who made up the anti-federalists

people form rural areas; nationalists who did not support the constitution

62

how did the anti-federalists feel

did not like the executive branch because they thought that president would just be another person and he might end up hurting them in the long run like what happened before/
they worried that their rights would be taken away/
they did not like the taxes that were going to be put on them/
they wanted individual rights

63

bill of rights

19 amendments that were put forward to the Constitution; that was eventually withered down to 12

64

what happened to those 12 amendments

only 10 of them were ratified

65

what were the two that weren't ratified

salaries of congressman and senators/
apportioning representatives in the states

66

1 amendment

the freedoms of press, religion, speech, and protest

67

2 amendment

right to keep and bear arms

68

3 amendment

no soldier shall be quarter in any house with the consent of the owner

69

4 amendment

unreasonable searches and seizures; needs to have a warrant

70

5 amendment

no double jeopardy/
can't be witness against themselves in a federal case; self incrimination/
cannot take your home for anything unless provided with a new one /
can't just throw you in jail for no reason

71

6 amendment

right to a speedy and public trial/
person is to get an impartial jury (unbiased)

72

7 amendment

20$ or more get the right to a jury/
cannot change a verdict because you don't like it

73

8 amendment

cannot torture/
excessive fines

74

9 amendment

the enumeration in the Constitution, go certain rights, shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people

75

10 amendment

protects states from federal government/
establishes that powers not given to the national government- or denied to the states- by The Constitution belongs to the states or to the people