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Flashcards in chapter 12 sec 2 Deck (52):
1

what was the issue for the confederate army in 1862

many of their enlistment periods were up

2

how was the confederate government formed

similar to the us govt

3

what did the the framers of the confederate constitution make sure of

states rights

4

draft

required military servive

5

age for draft

white males 18 to 35 later raised to 45 after battle of antitetam then 50

6

how could a slave owner be exempt

if they owned 20 or more slaves

7

how much produce were framers forced to give to the confer army

ten percent

8

did the confederates make an income tax

yes

9

what did the military do to slaves for the war

seize them

10

what was one bad thing about the draft

many states did not cooperate bc they felt it violated individual and state rights

11

how many people was it estimated that did not fight for the confederacy even though they should have because of the draft?

half of eligible men

12

why didn't britain help south

bc they didn't want to help a country or area that did not give people their basic rights bc britian gave up slavery long before US

13

did emancipation proclamation hurt the south

yes bc brit didn't want to help them after that

14

how'd britain help south

allowed them to use ports to make ships and attack union navy that had the blockade

15

what did the south had to do before britain would help them?

prove themselves on the battlefield

16

what was france currently doing during war that involved napoleon the third

they were in mexico trying to rebid french empire

17

what was frances view on the war

if britain doesn't enter we dont

18

what battle made french not want to fight

antietam

19

which southern representatives were captured?

john slidell and james mason

20

what did britain say about the cpaturings?

let them go or we will fight you. had troops in canada ready to fight

21

how much money did lincoln demand from GB for damage done by privateers

19 billion buckaroos

22

pacific railroad act

july 1862, allowed the federal government to give land and money to companies for construction of railroad line

23

where was the pacific railroad line between

from nebraska to pacific coast

24

homestead act

1862, offered free government land to people willing to settle on it

25

tariff passed for what reason

protect north industry

26

in 1861 what did the government pass, first ever

federal income tax

27

internal revenue act of 1862

imposed taxes on liquor, tobacco medicine, and newspaper ads

28

1862 first what

national currency

29

what was the first national currency called

greenbacks

30

what four slave and border states remained in union

kentucky, missouri, maryland, and delaware

31

in september 1861 what did lincoln order?

all disloyal members of maryland state legislature be arrested

32

martial law

during state of emergency some bill of rights laws can be suspended such as writ of habeas corpus

33

why was it important they prevent vote on succession by maryland

they'd lose washington dc and the war

34

writ of habeas corpus

legal protection that a court determine if a person is lawfully imprisoned

35

why did lincoln not get rid of slavery even though he opposed it

did not believe he had that kind of power

36

why was lincoln scared about getting rid of slavery

fearful the border states would leave union

37

emancip procla had little effect bc

it applied only to places under confederate control

38

what did the emancipation proclamation do to souths war effprts

got britain and france to not help

39

contraband

captured items become property of the enemy govment

40

why was contraband crucial

bc union could let them go

41

blacks made up how many of the northern army

ten percent during the war

42

how did th eunions policies hurt the south

depleted south's labor force and provided the north an even greater numerical advantage

43

what did the war do to househlds

force wives to get jobs and start working

44

since white men were being pulled to fight what did confederate wives have to do

oversee slaves, work the land, and keep farms and plantations going

45

during the war, what did the south have lots and little of

cotton and little food

46

during the war what happened to the south

industry grew and railroads increased, women took jobs in factories

47

what did the war do to north economy

it propelled bc they were able to produce everything they needed

48

how many soldiers survived the war

3 out of 4

49

how many times was a soldier more likely to get killed in a health camp then the battlefield

3x

50

one in five union soldiers died fro their wound

true

51

did surgeons know how to sterilize equipment

no

52

overall about camps

very dirty, mainly women workers, did not know how to clean, terrible place to recover