Chapter 11 Baseline Vital Signs, Monitoring Devices, and History Taking Flashcards Preview

EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition > Chapter 11 Baseline Vital Signs, Monitoring Devices, and History Taking > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapter 11 Baseline Vital Signs, Monitoring Devices, and History Taking Deck (29):
1

Respiration sounds without a stethoscope:
Snoring-Cause

Tongue partially blocking the upper airway at the level of the pharynx

2

Respiratory sounds without a stethoscope:
Gurgling-Cause

Fluid in the upper airway

3

Respiration sound audible without a stethoscope:
Stridor or crowing-cause

Partial obstruction of the upper airway at the level of the larynx

4

Respiration sound audible with stethoscope:
Wheezing-cause

Constriction and inflammation reducing the internal diameter of the bronchioles in the lungs

5

Respiration sounds audible with stethoscope:
Crackles(rales)-cause

Fluid surrounding and filling the alveoli

6

Respiration sound audible with a stethoscope:
Rhonchi-cause

Mucus blocking the larger bronchioles

7

Heart rate greater than 100bpm

Tachycardia

8

Heart rate less than 60 bpm

Bradycardia

9

Decrease in the strength of the pulse during the inspiratory phase of the patient. May be an indication of a severe cardiac or respiratory injury or illness or significant blood loss

Pulsus paradoxus

10

Mucus membranes that line the eyelid

Conjunctiva

11

Sphygmomanometer

Blood pressure cuff

12

If one of both pupils do not constrict to light shined in one eye, it is referred to as a _______.

Fixed pupil

13

The first distinct sound heard when measuring the blood pressure by auscultation.

Korotkoff sound

14

The difference between the systolic and diastolic pressure is called ______.

Pulse pressure

15

Normal respiratory rates:
Adult

8-24

16

Normal respiratory rates:
Adolescent 11-16

12-20

17

Normal respiratory rates:
School age 6-10

15-30

18

Normal respiratory rates:
Preschool 3-5

20-30

19

Normal respiratory rates:
Toddler 1-3

20-30

20

Normal respiratory rates:
Infant 6mo-1yr

20-30

21

Normal respiratory rates:
Infant 30days-5mo

25-40

22

Normal respiratory rates:
Newborn-30days

30-60

23

Normal and abnormal pulse rates:
Elderly (over 75)

90 normal

24

Normal and abnormal pulse rates:
Adult

60-100 normal
100+ rapid
Below 60 slow

25

Normal and abnormal pulse rates:
Adolescent

60-105 normal
Above 105 rapid
Below 50 slow

26

Normal and abnormal pulse rates:
Child (5-12)

60-120 normal
Above 120 rapid
Below 50 slow

27

Normal and abnormal pulse rates:
Child 1-5)

80-150 normal
Above 150 rapid
Below 80 slow

28

Normal and abnormal pulse rates:
Infant

120-150 normal
Above 150 rapid
Below 120 slow

29

Normal and abnormal pulse rates:
Newborn

100-180 normal

Decks in EMT - Basic - Prehostpital Emergency Care 10th Edition Class (44):