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Flashcards in chapter 12: the presidency Deck (80)
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A system of government in which the legislature selects the prime minister or president

Parliamentary system

1

The joint listing of the president and Vice Presidential candidates on the same ballot

Presidential ticket

2

Amendment which arranged for the presidential ticket

10th amendment

3

A formal, public agreement between the US and one or more nations

Treaty

4

Election which revealed the problem with the runner up rule

1796

5

What military branches is the president commander of?

Army and navy

6

Who appropriates money for the purchase of arms?

Congress

7

Who can declare war?

Congress

8

The power of the president to make treaties is called

Diplomat in chief

9

When do executive agreements expire?

When the executive from either nation leaves office

10

The name of the presidential duty of being in charge of day-to-day operation of the federal bureaucracy

Administrator in chief

11

The authority to appoint judges and ambassadors

The appointment power

12

What three points help presidents choose appointments?

1) party loyalty
2) interest group pressure
3) management ability

13

How many appointments has senate ever rejected?

8

14

Where are minor presidential appointments listed?

The Plum Book

16

Why can judicial appointments exert a president's influence beyond their term?

Because judges serve for life

17

Where did the pardon power come from?

Traditional powers of the English king

18

What percent of presidential vetoes have been overridden?

Fewer than 10%

19

What president had the most vetoes? How many?

FDR, 435

20

What can the pardon power be used for?

Shortening prison terms, correct judicial errors, address national controversies, and protect citizens from future prosecution

21

The constitutional requirement that makes presidents responsible to take care that laws are faithfully executed

Take care clause

22

Clause that requires presidents to make sure laws enacted by Congress are implemented, even if he doesn't personally agree with them

Take care clause

23

The President's annual statement to Congress and the Nation

State of the Union Address

24

What does the 25th Amendment secure?

Actions to be taken if the president is unable to perform his duties while in office

25

Who is third in line for President?

Speaker of the House of Reps

26

On what grounds can a president be impeached?

Treason, bribery, or "other high crimes"

27

What two presidents have been impeached? What were the outcomes?

Andrew Johnson and Bill Clinton; acquittal

28

What president avoided impeachment by resignation?

Nixon

29

Why is there conflict in who has The War Power?

Article 1 grants declaration of war to Congress, but Article 2 gives the power to wage war to the President

30

Why do presidents usually believe they should have The War Power?

Because they have greater access to secret information that Congress may not