Unit III Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit III Vocab Deck (31):
1

"Friend of the court brief"

Amicus curiae brief

2

Brief filed by an interest group to influence a Supreme Court decision

Amicus curiae brief

3

Contention that parties are less important to voters, who have abandoned parties to become independents

Dealignment argument

4

Government in which one party controls the presidency while another party controls Congress

Divided government

5

Theory that upper class elites excercise great influence over public policy

Elite theory

6

Term used by Madison to denote what we now call interest groups

Factions

7

FCC rule that required broadcasters to air a variety of viewpoints on their programs

Fairness doctrine

8

Is the Fairness Doctrine still in effect?

No

9

The media attack when they sense wrongdoing or scandal in the government, giving massive coverage to these stories

Feeding frenzy

10

The problem faced by interest groups when citizens can reap the benefits of interest groups without joining, participating, or contributing money

Free rider problem

11

The tendency of media to report on an election campaign as if it were a horse race

Horse race coverage

12

Media coverage of a campaign based on who is ahead or behind

Horse race

13

An informal association of federal agency, congressional committee, and interest group that is said to have heavy influence in policy making

Iron Triangle

14

The act or process of carrying out a lawsuit

Litigation

15

Attempt to influence policy makers

Lobbying

16

Elections in which candidates are not identified by party membership on the ballot

Nonpartisan election

17

Ballot in which candidates are arranged by office, not by party

Office column voting

18

Ballot arrangement which encourages split ticket voting

Office column

19

Ballot in which candidates are arranged by party, not by office

Party column ballot

20

A staged campaign event which attracts favorable visual media coverage

Photo opportunity

21

Example of a photo opportunity

Reading to school children

22

Theory that policy making is the result of interest group competition

Pluralism

23

an interest group that raises funds and donates to election campaigns

PAC

24

Appointing loyal party members to government positions

Patronage

25

The cycle in which a person alternately works for the public and private sector (eg: government and interest groups)

revolving door

26

The practice of selectively choosing media sources which are in harmony with one's own beliefs

Selective exposure

27

According to selective exposure, what news would a conservative watch?

FOX News

28

The practice of perceiving media messages the way one wants to

Selective perception

29

A short, pithy statement which is likely to attract media attention

Sound bite

30

Placing a certain slant on a story to deflect negative public attention against a politician

Spin control

31

An abandoned rule of the Democratic Party national convention in which the candidate with the most delegates from a state won all of the states's convention votes

Unit Rule