Chapters 1/2 Flashcards Preview

ap gov archive > Chapters 1/2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Chapters 1/2 Deck (69)
Loading flashcards...
0

Branch of government which writes law

Legislative

1

Money granted to the states for a narrow purpose (ex: school lunch program)

Categorical grant

2

Those who favor greater national authority rather than state authority

Centralists

3

System in which each branch of government limits one another

Checks and balances

4

Gives congress the power to regulate commerce among that states

Commerce clause

5

Concurrent powers

Powers held by both congress and the states

6

System in which sovereign states are only loosely tied to a central government

Confederation

7

People who prefer greater state authority over national authority

Decentralists

8

System in which the people rule themselves

Direct democracy

9

Money granted by the government to states from a broad purpose (like transportation)

Block grant

10

3 authors of the federalist papers

Madison, Hamilton, Jay

11

A change in the actual wording of the constitution

Formal amendment

12

Purpose of the federalist papers

Persuade people to adopt the constitution

13

System in which people rule by their representatives

indirect democracy

14

Judicial review

Power of the courts to rule on the constitutionality of laws and government actions

15

Court case which established judicial review

Marbury vs. Madison

16

Requirements posed by the national government to the states

mandates

17

Powers of the states to protect the public health, safety, morals, and health standards of the public

Police powers

18

Principle in which powers of the government are separated among three branches

separation of powers

19

Marbury vs. Madison year

1803

20

Principle in which ultimate political authority rests with the people

popular sovereignty

21

Why is Shay's Rebellion significant?

highlighted the problems with the Articles of Confederation

22

A majority greater than a simple majority of one half

Supermajority

23

Bicameral

Two house legislature

24

Another word for indirect democracy

republic

25

Why did the founding fathers distrust direct democracy? (3 reasons)

The common man wasn't educated enough to make good decisions

They could be swayed by demagogs

Gathering all citizens is impractical

26

Shay's Rebellion year

1789

27

Minority delegates using politics to their advantage

Elite politics view

28

Political resources scattered so no elite can control all of government

Pluralist politics view

29

Example of elite politics view; what kind of elite does it represent

Marxist; economic elite