Chapters 1/2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Chapters 1/2 Deck (69):
0

Branch of government which writes law

Legislative

1

Money granted to the states for a narrow purpose (ex: school lunch program)

Categorical grant

2

Those who favor greater national authority rather than state authority

Centralists

3

System in which each branch of government limits one another

Checks and balances

4

Gives congress the power to regulate commerce among that states

Commerce clause

5

Concurrent powers

Powers held by both congress and the states

6

System in which sovereign states are only loosely tied to a central government

Confederation

7

People who prefer greater state authority over national authority

Decentralists

8

System in which the people rule themselves

Direct democracy

9

Money granted by the government to states from a broad purpose (like transportation)

Block grant

10

3 authors of the federalist papers

Madison, Hamilton, Jay

11

A change in the actual wording of the constitution

Formal amendment

12

Purpose of the federalist papers

Persuade people to adopt the constitution

13

System in which people rule by their representatives

indirect democracy

14

Judicial review

Power of the courts to rule on the constitutionality of laws and government actions

15

Court case which established judicial review

Marbury vs. Madison

16

Requirements posed by the national government to the states

mandates

17

Powers of the states to protect the public health, safety, morals, and health standards of the public

Police powers

18

Principle in which powers of the government are separated among three branches

separation of powers

19

Marbury vs. Madison year

1803

20

Principle in which ultimate political authority rests with the people

popular sovereignty

21

Why is Shay's Rebellion significant?

highlighted the problems with the Articles of Confederation

22

A majority greater than a simple majority of one half

Supermajority

23

Bicameral

Two house legislature

24

Another word for indirect democracy

republic

25

Why did the founding fathers distrust direct democracy? (3 reasons)

The common man wasn't educated enough to make good decisions

They could be swayed by demagogs

Gathering all citizens is impractical

26

Shay's Rebellion year

1789

27

Minority delegates using politics to their advantage

Elite politics view

28

Political resources scattered so no elite can control all of government

Pluralist politics view

29

Example of elite politics view; what kind of elite does it represent

Marxist; economic elite

30

Majoritarian politics view

Leaders influenced by the views of the majority

31

So many political groups haggling, government goes into gridlock

Hyperpluralist view

32

Where are the fundamental democratic values stated?

The Preamble

33

Freedom within the context of order and fairness

Liberty

34

4 Fundamental Democratic Values

1) Popular sovereignty
2) Respect for the individual
3) Equality of opportunity
4) Liberty

35

What makes an election democratic?

Free and fair with competing parties

36

The Legislative branch consists of ____________.

Congress: the House and the Senate

37

Branch of government which enforces law

executive

38

Branch of government which interprets law

Judicial

39

The Following of The Ninth

Refers to Beethoven's 9th Symphony, which is used as a battle cry of people fighting for freedom

40

Ideal established by the Magna Carta

Limited government

41

What state constitution inspired the Preamble?

Massachusetts

42

3 Sources of inspiration for the Consitution

enlightenment ideals, british traditions, and colonial experience

43

3 problems with the Articles of Confederation

-National government could not tax
-No executive leader of judiciary
-No national currency

44

Annapolis Convention

convened to amend the A. of Confederation

45

Constitutional Convention

called to junk the A. of Confederation and start of; this purpose was concealed from the public

46

People must give up some freedom in the name of order

Social contract

47

Agreement to count slaves as 3/5s of a person for taxes and for representation

Compromise of 3/5s

48

Another name for the Great Compromise

Connecticut Compromise

49

What did the Great Compromise establish?

A bicameral legislature

50

The two main Federalists

Hamilton and Madison

51

The main Anti-Federalist

Patrick Henry

52

What sort of people were the Federalists?

Property owners, creditors, the elite

53

What sort of people were the anti-federalists?

Farmers, debtors, shopkeepers

54

2 British documents which influenced the Constitution

Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights

55

What was the goal of the Federalists?

Ratify the constitution

56

What was the primary belief of the antifederalists?

The government should be close to the people, thus, power should primarily remain with the states

57

Why is split ticket voting more common now than ever before?

Ballots are arranged by office, rather than by party

58

How did the Federalists and Anti-Federalists eventually compromise?

The addition of the Bill of Rights

59

Why were checks and balances established?

Fear of tyranny

60

When a voter votes for multiple parties

split ticket voting

61

The president from one party, Congress controlled by another

divided government

62

Under the Articles of Confederation, how could the document be changed?

unanimous vote

63

Under the constitution, how can amendments be made?

National government proposes an amendment, and state governments ratify it

64

The common way amendment proposals are made?

2/3 vote in both houses

65

What alternate process is there to propose an amendment? Has it ever been used?

Constitutional Convention; no

66

What common way are amendments ratified by the states?

3/4 vote

67

Why are terms staggered across government?

No party can gain control of all government at once

68

What is the only amendment to be ratified by a state-by-state series of constitutional conventions?

21st