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Flashcards in chapter 6: interest groups Deck (42):
0

Political parties and interest groups

Factions

1

According to Federalist No. 10, why do factions exist?

"Nature of man"

2

A collection of people who share common interest or attitude and seek to influence government for specific ends

Interest groups

3

A large body of people interested in a common issue that is of continuing significance and who are willing to take action

Movement

4

What do movements seek to change?

Attitudes and institutions, not just policies

5

Why is the term "special interest" so derogative?

It implies a selfish, narrow view

6

Examples of movements

Abolitionist, civil rights, environmental, women's suffrage, animal rights, and temperance

7

How do movements see their causes?

As morally right

8

How are movements protected by the Constitution?

1st amendment

9

The varied and overlapping nature of interest groups

Interest group pluralism

10

What is the effect of competition between interest groups?

Helps preserve democratic values and limits concentration of power in any single group.

11

When corporations come under public scrutiny, how do they react?

They contribute more money to government

12

Small business interest group

Small Business Administration

13

Businesses with similar interests in government regulations

Trade associations

14

Broadest business trade association

Chamber of Commerce

15

Oldest form of labor unions

Farm unions

16

Union membership cannot be required as a condition of employment

Open shop

17

Union membership can be a condition of employment

Closed shop

18

When a person benefits from the work of unions without joining it

Free riding

19

What organization holds 80% of unionized labor?

AFL-CIO

20

Why is union membership dwindling?

Shift from a manufacturing economy to a service economy

21

Official document that lists the new and proposed regulations of executive departments and regulatory agencies

Federal Register

22

How often is the Federal Register published?

Every weekday

23

A "friend of the court" brief

Amicus curiae

24

5 Types of interest groups

Economic
Ideological
Public Interest
Foreign policy
Government

25

How do small businesses play a part as interest groups?

They group together into groups like National Federation of Independent Businesses

26

What is the goal of the National Federation of Independent Businesses?

Elect pro-business candidates and lobby on behalf of small business owners

27

What do ideological groups spawn from?

Movements

28

2 modern day ideological groups

NRA and abortion (whether pro or against)

29

Example of a foreign policy interest group who lobbies for support of Arab causes

National Association of Arab Americans

30

What are the fastest growing unions?

Those amongst public employees

31

An example of a public sector interest group

National Governors Association

32

Most important characteristic to political power amongst interest groups

Involvement of the members in fighting for policy objectives

33

The extent to which membership is concentrated or dispersed; the effect this has

Spread; in more concentrated areas, the group will hold greater power

34

4 examples of resources within interest groups

Money, volunteers, expertise, information

35

What role do the formal leaders of interest groups play?

Full-time paid positions who devote massive amounts of time, effort, and money to the group.

36

What do the average members of interest groups do?

Identify with the group's claims, attend meetings, faithfully pay dues, and spread the word

37

What do minor members of interest groups do?

They do not participate actively, and are only members in name. They cannot be counted on to vote with the group consistently

38

Labor groups generally favor which party?

Democrat

39

Business groups generally favor which party?

Republican

40

What role does the iron triangle play?

Enhances the policy preference of narrow interests

41

When a lobbyist provides information on the impact of proposed laws, it is called _______.

Substantive