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Flashcards in chapter 4: culture and ideology Deck (45):
0

Laws should be stated generally, not singling out any group or individual

Generality

1

Laws should apply to the future, not punish someone who did something in the past

Prospectivity

2

Laws cannot be kept secret, then enforced

Publicity

3

Valid laws are made by those with legitimate power, and the people legitimate that power through popular consent

Authority

4

Laws must be enforced impartially with fair practices

Due process

5

people coming together, listening to each other, exchanging ideas, learning to appreciate differences; builds community and relationships

Social capital

6

Beliefs and attitudes about the role of gov't

Ideology

7

Effect of 9/11 on civic engagement

Drastic increase

8

Most revered American value

Liberty

9

Widely shared beliefs

Political Culture

10

In what political doctrine is equality of opportunity written?

Declaration of Independence

11

Americans generally shun aristocracy

Social equality

12

Each individual has equal right to protection under the law and equal voting power

Political equality

13

Why were programs like Head Start and public schools created?

To promote equality of opportunity

14

Three American writers who famously promoted a belief in the common man.

Walt Whitman, Carl Sandburg, Mark Twain

15

Agreement of fundamental principles of governance and the values which underlie them

Democratic consensus

16

Ultimate power rests with the people

Popular sovereignty

17

Most important expression of popular consent

Elections

18

Government based on a body of law applied equally with just procedures

Rule of Law

19

What does the writing above the entrance to the Supreme Court read?

"Equal Justice Under Law"

20

Who was attributed with calling American system a "government of laws, not men"

Chief Justice John Marshall

21

How does the family teach children political culture?

Children are taught at a young age what it means to be an American

22

4 ways in which public schools teach about political culture

1) Pledge of Allegiance
2) History classes
3) Government curriculum
4) School elections

23

Complex set of ideals in the land of opportunity

The American Dream

24

What role does private property play in political culture?

Cements capitalism and fuels the American Dream

25

Individuals reap large rewards for initiative and hard work

Competitive economy

26

Everyone earns a decent living

Egalitarian society

27

The shift from an agrarian society to an Industrial one around 1900

Industrial Revolution

28

What kind of economy did the Great Depression lead to?

Mixed free enterprise

29

What document did the New Deal produce?

Roosevelt's Second Bill of Rights

30

Domination of an industry by a single company by fixing prices and discouraging competition

Monopoly

31

Federal Laws the prevent a monopoly from dominating an industry and restraining trade

Anti-trust legislation

32

An economic system characterized by private property, competitive markets, economic incentives, and limited government involvement in the production and pricing of goods and services

Capitalism

33

A belief in the positive uses of government to bring about justice of equality and opportunity

Liberalism

34

A belief that limited government ensures order, competitive markets, and personal opportunity

Conservatism

35

An economic and governmental system based on public ownership of the means of production and exchange

Socialism

36

An ideology that is dominated by concern for the environment but also promotes grassroots democracy, social justice, equal opportunity, nonviolence, and feminism

Environmentalism

37

An ideology that cherishes individual liberty and insists on a sharply limited government, promoting a free market economy, a noninterventionist foreign policy, and absence of regulation in moral and social spheres

Libertarianism

38

What percentage of voters are truly Independent?

12%

39

What is an argument against liberalism?

Too much reliance on governmental solutions, higher taxes, and bureaucracy.

40

What do liberals value?

Equal access to healthcare, housing, and education; taxes which rise with income

41

2 famous liberals

Hilary Clinton, Truman

42

What do conservatives value?

Small government, strong leadership, strict moral codes

43

What is an argument against conservatism?

They only favor government action when it serves them (ex: abortion regulation, but not income taxes for the wealthy)

44

2 Famous Environmentalists

Ralph Nader and John Kerry