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Flashcards in chapter 11: interest groups Deck (89)
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0

Why is consensus harder to reach than ever?

Moderates are being replaced by more ideological politicians

1

Bill which was passed in 2003 despite intense conflict

Prescription Drug Bill of 2003

2

Cap on the number of House members

435

3

2 requirements to be a member of the House of Representatives

At least 25 years old, citizen for 7 years

4

Requirements to be a senator

At least 30 years old, citizen for 9 years

5

Why do senators have higher requirements and longer terms?

To check the more unpredictable house

6

Why didn't the constitution have term limits?

The term limits in the Articles of Confederation had forced good statesmen out

7

What is the best stand for a congress hopeful to take in their campaign?

Fighting against the institution of Congress

8

How many House members is each state guaranteed?

1

9

How many people are represented in each House district?

650,000

10

The assigning of congressional seats after each census

Reapportionment

11

Who approves reapportionment in most states?

Governor

12

Which states approve reapportionment by commissions?

Arizona and Iowa

13

The redrawing of congressional district lines following the census to accommodate population shifts

Redistricting

14

The assigning of congressional seats after each census

Reapportionment

15

The drawing of legislative district boundaries to benefit a party, group, or incumbent

Gerrymandering

16

For whom was gerrymandering named?

1811 Massachusetts governor, Eldbridge Gerry

17

Designed to concentrate a minority party's votes in the smallest number of districts possible

Packing

18

Who gerrymanders today?

Sophisticated computer programs

19

Designed to disperse a party's votes into as many districts as possible, weakening their influence

Cracking

20

Time period when everyone seves

Term

21

When do new terms begin?

January 3rd of odd numbered years

22

The end of a term

Adjournment

23

Tax bill

Revenue bill

24

Statewide elections

At large elections

25

Most important organizational feature of the US Congress.

Bicameralism

26

An elected office that is predictably won by one party or the other, so the success of that party's candidate is almost taken for granted.

Safe seat

27

The current holders of an elected office

Incumbents

28

In the 2004 Congressional election, what was the spending difference between winners and losers?

4:1

29

State with the most expensive Congressional campaigns

South Dakota