Flashcards in Unit 1 Test Review Deck (21):
Funds appropriate for specific purposes
In 1970, Medicaid cost states what percent of their budget?
Now, what percent of state budgets is taken up by Medicaid?
In excess of 20%
The Constitution and its amendments do not expressly prohibit ________.
Sex discrimination in employment
How often are presidential vetos overridden by congress?
What must happen after a treaty is negotiated by the president?
The senate must ratify it
Senate confirmation is required to appoint what 3 positions?
1) Secretary of State
2) Director of the FBI
3) Attorney General
What 3 things did McCullock vs Maryland establish?
1) States may not tax national institutions
2) It was reasonable to have a national bank
3) Necessary and proper clause
Necessary and proper clause
Congress has the right to legislate acts decreed necessary and proper to carry out enumerated powers
2 Examples of the use of the Commerce clause
1) Gun control
2) Civil rights
3 Examples of recent federal mandates
Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Americans with Disabilities Act
What effect do mandates have on policy making in the states?
It limits them by taking funds that could otherwise by appropriated by the states
Being tried for the same crime twice
When there is a surplus, the federal government passes the extra money on to the states to be used at their own discretion.
When was the only time revenue sharing happened?
What effect does revenue sharing have on states' policy making?
It allows them to execute creative and innovative programs
Who chooses electors? How?
The political parties; they are the wealthy longtime supporters of the parties
3 Examples of the Constitution reflecting distrust of the popular government
1) The electoral college
2) limitations of suffrage
3) People can only directly vote for house representatives
How does only allowing people to directly vote for house representatives reflect distrust of popular government?
At only two years, it's the shortest term in government.
How does limiting suffrage reflect distrust of popular government?
If fewer people could vote, there would be fewer problems with it