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Flashcards in Unit 1 Test Review Deck (21):
1

Funds appropriate for specific purposes

categorical grants

2

In 1970, Medicaid cost states what percent of their budget?

4%

3

Now, what percent of state budgets is taken up by Medicaid?

In excess of 20%

4

The Constitution and its amendments do not expressly prohibit ________.

Sex discrimination in employment

5

How often are presidential vetos overridden by congress?

Rarely

6

What must happen after a treaty is negotiated by the president?

The senate must ratify it

7

Senate confirmation is required to appoint what 3 positions?

1) Secretary of State
2) Director of the FBI
3) Attorney General

8

What 3 things did McCullock vs Maryland establish?

1) States may not tax national institutions
2) It was reasonable to have a national bank
3) Necessary and proper clause

9

Necessary and proper clause

Congress has the right to legislate acts decreed necessary and proper to carry out enumerated powers

10

2 Examples of the use of the Commerce clause

1) Gun control
2) Civil rights

11

3 Examples of recent federal mandates

Clean Air Act, Clean Water Act, Americans with Disabilities Act

12

What effect do mandates have on policy making in the states?

It limits them by taking funds that could otherwise by appropriated by the states

13

Being tried for the same crime twice

Double Jeopardy

14

When there is a surplus, the federal government passes the extra money on to the states to be used at their own discretion.

Revenue sharing

15

When was the only time revenue sharing happened?

The 90s

16

What effect does revenue sharing have on states' policy making?

It allows them to execute creative and innovative programs

17

Who chooses electors? How?

The political parties; they are the wealthy longtime supporters of the parties

18

3 Examples of the Constitution reflecting distrust of the popular government

1) The electoral college
2) limitations of suffrage
3) People can only directly vote for house representatives

19

How does only allowing people to directly vote for house representatives reflect distrust of popular government?

At only two years, it's the shortest term in government.

20

How does limiting suffrage reflect distrust of popular government?

If fewer people could vote, there would be fewer problems with it

21

How does having the electoral college reflect distrust of popular government?

People don't vote for the president.