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Flashcards in chapter 7: political parties Deck (30):
1

An organization that seeks political power by electing people to office so that its positions and philosophy become public policy

Political party

2

5 political functions of political parties

1) Organize the competition
2) Unify the electorate
3) Organize the government
4) Transfer preferences into policy
5) Provide loyal opposition

3

A local or judicial election in which candidates are not supported by parties or party affiliation is not listed on the ballots

Nonpartisan elections

4

Why do parties deemphasize single issues in campaigns?

Diffuse conflict and unify the electorate

5

What purpose does candidates running under a particular party's label serve?

Organizes the competition

6

The dispensing of government jobs to people who belong to the winning party

Patronage

7

What is the purpose of patronage?

Provides incentive to people to get along and helps push party agendas by having like minded people in power

8

Why doesn't public policy change dramatically after every election?

The party in power has to moderate what it does in order to vye for reelection

9

Accountability in democracy comes from the party out of power closely monitoring the party in power

Loyal opposition

10

Period at the beginning of a new president's term in which the president enjoys a generally positive relationship with Congress and the press.

Honeymoon

11

What factors generally determine the length of the honeymoon period? How long is it usually

Closeness of election, the leadership skills of the president, and how contentious the new administration's agenda is. 6 months

12

A meeting of local party members to choose party officials or candidates for public office and to decide on the platform

Caucus

13

A meeting of party delegates to vote on matters of policy and in some cases to select party candidates for public office

Party convention

14

Which is more common, a caucus or convention?

Convention

15

Voting by a member of one party for a candidate of another party

Cross over voting

16

What states still use caucuses?

Iowa and Connecticut (though Conn. only does it if there is conflict over the candidate selected at the party convention)

17

What kind of party system do most democracies have? What kind does the US have?

Multiparty systems; a two party system

18

What purpose does the President have in parliamentary systems? Prime minister?

President: Head of the nation
Prime Minister: Head of the government

19

2 countries with multiparty systems

Israel and Italy

20

2 examples of minor parties created around charismatic candidates

FDR's Bull Moose Party
Ross Perot's Reform Party

21

What did the Reform Party (formed in 1955) center itself around

Ross Perot, national government reform, fiscal responsibility, and political accountability

22

BONUS STUDY CARD

Review the history of political parties. Go on, young grasshopper. Do it.

23

Theory that opposes governmental interference in economic affairs beyond what is necessary to protect life and property

Laissez-faire (literally, hands off)

24

Theory stating that government spending should increase during business slumps and be curbed during booms

Keynesian Economics

25

Politician who favored Keynesian Economics

FDR

26

Why do most Americans distrust parties today?

Corruption

27

Who is in charge of the party when it is not assembled in convention?

National Committee

28

Who sits at the top of each party? Who chooses that person?

Party chair sits at the top; chosen by the party's presidential nominee

29

The act of declaring party affiliation

Party registration

30

Weakening of partisan preferences that points to a rejection of both major parties and a rise in the number of Independents

Dealignment