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Flashcards in unit two vocab Deck (37)
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Those who follow politics and public affairs closely

Attentive public

1

Secret ballot printed at the expense of the state

Australian ballot

2

Local party meeting

Caucus

3

A presidential nominee chooses a vice presidential running mate who has different qualities in order to attract more votes for the ticket

Balancing the ticket

4

Election to choose candidates that is open to independents and allows voters to mix and match parties

Blanket primary

5

Election that is closed to independents and confines voters to parties they are registered in

Closed primary

6

Characteristics of a population

Demographics

7

Election in which people directly choose candidates for office

Direct primary

8

Terms of office that have a definite length of time

Fixed terms

9

Scheduling presidential primaries early

Front loading

11

Difference in voting pattern between men and women

Gender gap

12

Election in which office holders are chosen

General Elections

13

Campaign contributions donated directly to candidates

Hard money

14

Set of beliefs about values and the role of government

Ideology

15

An officeholder who is seeking reelections

Incumbent

16

No consistent pattern of party voting

Pure independents

17

Tend to vote for candidates of one political party, although not registered as one

Independent leaners

18

Ads that focus on issues, not encouraging citizens to vote for a particular candidate

Issue advocacy ads

19

Election to choose candidates that is open to independents, but voters must choose one party

Open primary

20

A sense of affiliation one has with a particular party

Party identification

21

A list of positions and programs which a party adopts at the national convention

Party Platform

22

Each position of a political party

Plank

23

The widely shared beliefs, values, and norms that citizens share about the government

Political Culture

24

Capacity to understand and influence political events

Political efficacy

25

Process by which one acquires their political beliefs

Political socialization

26

An election in which there is a long term change in party alignment

Realigning or critical election

27

An office which is extremely likely to be won by a particular candidate or party

Safe seat

28

System in which the people elect one representative per district with a winner take all approach

Single member district system

29

Who does the single member district system hurt?

Minor parties

30

Campaign contributions given to parties, not candidates

Soft money