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Flashcards in chapter 5: political landscape Deck (37):
0

Belief in the superiority of one's nation or social group

Ethnocentrism

1

The process by which we develop our political attitudes, values, and beliefs

Political socialization

2

The study of the characteristics of populations

Demographics

3

A characteristic of individuals that is predictive of political behavior

Political predisposition

4

Divisions within society that reinforce one another, making groups more homogeneous

Reinforcing cleavages

5

Divisions within society that cut across demographic categories to produce groups that are more heterogeneous

Cross cutting cleavages

6

When social and economical differences coincide, they reinforce each other, making the differences more important. This is called

Reinforcing cleavages

7

A notion held by Americans that the US was destined to rule the continent ocean to ocean

Manifest destiny

8

What often impedes the development of democracy in relatively weak nations?

Powerful and aggressive neighbors

9

Why has US avoided most social conflicts?

Large landmass has enabled opposing groups to spread out.

10

3 reasons abundance of natural resources is important to US

1) enhance economic growth
2) provide jobs
3) stabilize government

11

Most distinct section of the US

The south

12

Traditionally, what two things made the South different?

Agricultural society and slavery

13

Now, what 2 factors define the South?

Lowest per capita income and highest conservatism

14

What does the term "solid south" refer to? Does it still apply?

Democratic being able to count on the South for votes; no

15

A grouping of human beings with distinctive characteristics determined by genetic inheritance

Race

16

A social division based on national origin, religion, and race

Ethnicity

17

The difference between the political opinions or behavior of men and women

Gender gap

18

The total output of all economic activity in the nation, including goods and services

GDP

19

A division of population based in occupation, income, and education

Socioeconomic status

20

Those who sell their labor

Proletariat

21

Those who own or control methods of production

Bourgeoisie

22

As people grow older, they generally become more _______.

Conservative

23

Generational effects

A particular generation has had experiences that make certain issues distinct

24

2 examples of generational effects

Frugality from those who grew up in 30s

Baby boomers and civil rights and Vietnam

25

Gender gaps generally deal with ______ issues like abortion, pornography regulation, and gun control.

Social

26

What do women make in comparison to men?

73 cents on the dollar

27

What, generally, unites Americans? (4 things)

Democratic values, economic opportunity, work ethic, and the American Dream.

28

In 1838, the US witnessed what example of religious persecution on our own land?

An extermination order of Mormons in Mississippi

29

Who make up the "gray lobby"? Where are they?

The elderly, in the west and Florida

30

What are the 4 hallmarks of the gray lobby?

1) disposable income
2) discretionary time
3) clear focus on issues
4) effective organization

31

Catholics are generally liberal, except on what issue?

Abortion

32

Mexicans tend to vote ________.

Democratic

33

Cubans tend to be ___________.

Conservative

34

Asians usually vote _________.

Democratic

35

Opinion leader favored by Parker

George Will

36

Conflicting elements within one's own political socialization

Cross pressures